Violence against women is not a new or recent phenomenon women have been the victims of violence all through the age, in all societies, cultures regions or religious communities in the world.
It is indeed, ironic that in India, which has given rise to apostles of peace and non-violence, women have to bear the brunt of violence-domestic as well as public, physical as well as emotional and mental.
Violence against women can be viewed in the historical perspective, for it is to a large extent, linked to her status in society.
In the Vedic period, Indian women enjoyed a relatively comfortable position. Gradually violence against them beggar to be practised; the doors of ...view middle of the document...
Violence against woman further increased when the young girl’s began to be forced to serve as the Devadas is in the temple. This also made prostitution a part of religious life.
In the medieval period, when two measure cultures-Islam and Hinduism-encountered and interacted with each other, violence against women increased manifold. It included new elements.
Even the purdah system which isolated the woman from the rest of the world was after all violence against woman. Girls began to be married off at a tender age, and in certain communities he new-born baby girls began to be killed by the parents themselves.
Polygamy took strong roots in the society, and a woman’s right to the unshared love of her husband started vanishing. Rapes for vengeance and forced marriages becames common.
The Ramcharita manas, thpough in a different context mentions-DHOL GANWAR SHUDRA PASHU NARI, YE SAB TARAN KE ADHIKARI:
The drum, the uncultured the untouchables, animals and women should be beaten.
The British Government by and large remained indifferent to the violence against women. After independence violence against women has only grown in all its dimensions.
Indeed a few more forms of violence like female foeticide have developed because of the progress in science and technology.
Dowry system has been with India society for a long time. But today’s growing materialism has increased its severity which results in a great number of bride-killings every year.
Today violence against women in India has assumed an alarming proportion. According to one estimate, there are about thirty specific forms of violence being committed against women from the pre-natal stage to their death.
Such forms include foeticide, infanticide, deliberate check on the supply of sufficient or/and nutritious food, medicine neglect, deprivation of educational opportunities, child marriages, sexual abuse of the girl child, forced marriages, rapes, prostitution, sexual harassment, pregnancies at small intervals, wife-battering, bride-burning, cursing the widows, witch-hunting, neglect of the old women, etc. one can see these forms of violence in his or her own surroundings. These are also reported in newspapers and other media very frequently.
Most of the violence against women is related to and grows out of their position in society. If a female foetus is destroyed it is because a girl child is unwanted as she is seen as a burden.
If a wife is beaten, at least partly it is because women are seen as property- to be treated as the husband, her owner, desires. On a broader level it is also because a woman is perceived as the “weaker” sex, dependent on man, so he can bully her.
It is a human tendency to take out one’s frustrations on anyone willing to put up with it or too weak to resist it. Expected to submit to every whim of the man, the least sing of resistance on her part invites use of violence to make her comply.
If she is uneducated, unskilled and...