Courtroom Participants Essay

3832 words - 16 pages

Courtroom Participants
Team B: Sheena McCall, Idalia Gill, Neil Gabe, Billie Adams, and Dannielle Rea
CJA/224
October 31, 2011
Austin Dunham Weidner

Courtroom Participants
In a United States courtroom, there are many participants who contribute to the goal of justice for all. The judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, defendant, victims, witnesses, jurors, bailiff, and court reporter are each participants in the courtroom workgroup. Although every participant plays a different role in the process, they each contribute to the courts general objective of ensuring that the legal system remains fair, efficient, and effective to those individuals accused of committing a crime.
A judge’s ...view middle of the document...

The last responsibility of the judge before the trial is to oversee the jury selection.
Once the criminal or civil trial has begun, the judge presides over the courtroom (Meyer & Grant, 2003). When the jury reaches a verdict of guilty, the judge is responsible for following established legal guidelines during sentencing. [In bench trials, the judge serves as judge and jury.] If a guilty verdict is appealed, appellate judges are responsible for reviewing the case and determining whether there was any legal misconduct in the case proceedings.
Federal appellate judges (judges who review federal appeals) are nominated and appointed by the President of the United States, confirmed by the Senate, and hold their positions for life. All other judges are chosen through the merit system, appointment, partisan election, or nonpartisan election (Meyer & Grant, 2003).
“The victim’s role is to personalize the otherwise bureaucratized formal nature of the legal proceedings, serving as a reminder to all participants of the reasons why they are gathered in court” (Meyer & Grant, 2003, p. 222). Victims are essential to courtroom proceedings: without a victim, there would be no case. Individual victims are allowed to be present during each phase of the criminal proceeding, and are sometimes called upon to testify against the defendant. They may give a reenactment of the events that took place surrounding the crime and/or identify the defendant as the perpetrator. During the sentencing phase of capital punishment proceedings, victims and their family members are allowed to submit victim impact statements, testifying of how the crime has impacted their lives (Meyer & Grant, 2003).
These testimonies, which are often times emotionally driven, and can have a direct effect on the outcome of a case for the defendant. Jurors who find sympathy for the victim may issue a guilty verdict, even if there is doubt about whether the defendant committed the crime. Likewise, a judge may decide to issue the death penalty to a defendant based on the testimony given during the sentencing phase. The victim is of noted importance because of the impact he or she may have on the outcome of a trial.
Witnesses provide the basis for the prosecution and defense arguments presented in court. Their testimony, given under oath, provides facts that the jury takes into consideration when determining the defendant’s guilt or innocence. Some witnesses are subpoenaed by the courts to testify, whereas others testify voluntarily (Meyer & Grant, 2003). Witnesses play a key part in the courtroom because of their knowledge of the crime that took place, or of the person[s] involved.
Eyewitnesses are those persons who saw the crime happening and testify in court about what they saw. Expert witnesses have special knowledge of the issues surrounding the case and provide testimony regarding their field of knowledge. Character witnesses are persons who know the defendant or victim...

Other assignments on Courtroom Participants

Economy Effect Of Marijuana Essay

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout Essay

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our

Management

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Assisted Suicide

1015 words - 5 pages Should physician-assisted suicide be legal? While I believe if one chooses to end his or own life through physician assistance for reasons that they chose, the choice should be up to the individual. Physician-assisted suicide should be at one's discretion. “Assisted Suicide, also called Voluntary Euthanasia, is currently a contentious issue in many countries. Because Euthanasia is legal in a few modern democracies: the Netherlands, Belgium

Tanglewood Case 1

797 words - 4 pages Tanglewood’s staffing strategy requires the organization to make key decisions about the acquisition, deployment, and retention of the organization’s workforce. In order to accomplish this, Tanglewood’s must make thirteen decisions regarding its staffing levels and its staffing quality. One of the first decisions that Tanglewood needs to choose is to acquire or develop talent. Tanglewood should try to develop their current talent because one

Nnnnn

1391 words - 6 pages Есе по въпроса: Кои от всички „действащи” лица могат да се разглеждат като морално отговорни и в какво именно? по казуса Форд „Пинто” Корпоративните злодеяния са нанесли повече вреди на обществото от всички улични престъпления взети заедно. Според данни на ФБР сумата от уличните престъпления възлиза на $3.8 млрд. годишно, а загубите от корпоративните измами между $100 млрд. и $400 млрд. годишно

The Penis

1052 words - 5 pages The short story ”The Penis” is written by Hanif Kureishi. The short story is about a penis, which has been separated from its owner Doug, who we hear from later on. At first though we hear about a guy called Alfie who was “a cutter – a hairdresser – and had to get to work”. He is having breakfast with his wife, when she asks him what he did last night, and if he had a good time last night? Alfie can not remember what he did last night, he then

Managed Care Paper

543 words - 3 pages Managed Care and Case Management Care Marvin Lloyd BSHS/402-Case Management 27 August 2012 Virgil Miller Managed Care are techniques employed to help reduce the cost for providing health benefits and a system for improving organizations quality of care

Media

439 words - 2 pages The life expectancy is lower; so people are not kept alive with drugs for decades in a virtual sleep state. There is less state education; so kids don't have it drilled into them that their only goal in life is to make money, at the cost of 'everything' else. The health care is less; so diseases, usually brought by Westerners, kill many more than they do in countries where drug companies can make a fortune from selling medicines that aren't

Similar Documents

Media In The Courtroom Essay

1177 words - 5 pages Media in the Courtroom COM 150 February 27, 2011 Media in the Courtroom In this day and age the public looks for information though the media to inform them on what is happening in the world today, but with all the different ways that we have to receive information via the newspaper, or TV news, should we also allow cameras onto our courtrooms? There have been several debates on whether or not cameras should be permitted in the courtroom

Compare And Contrast Paper

2181 words - 9 pages trying to convict (Neubauer, 2001, p. 14). "The repression of the criminal conduct is by far the most important function to be performed by the criminal process, which back to protecting privacy while maintaining public safety" (Neubauer, 2001, p. 13). As well often the crime control model is perceived as negative because the model assumes the person charged of the alleged crime is guilty before entering the courtroom and supports law enforcement

Police Ridealong Essay

5679 words - 23 pages . Usually the only evidence of the crime is the litter that the participants leave behind.” 4. Question: Is there a major drug problem in Monterey Park? Answer: “Like most of Southern California there is a problem of drug use and distribution in Monterey Park, (during the Ride-A-Long, surveillance was conducted on several drug houses.) We are also aware that there is a major drug connection with the drug trade from the Far East, however this does

Mgt216 Essay

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they