CONDITION OF CONSRUCTION WORKERS IN INDIA
The construction industry in India consists of migrant, unskilled men, women and children. The conditions of the workers have many factors pushing it towards a very wretched condition. A few of the main factors are listed below
1. Weak Legislative policies and non enforcement of current policy’s
2. Knowledge and literacy among workers
3. Globalization of the construction industry India
4. Frequency of change in government officials
Weak legislative policies
The current structures of the construction consist of the landowners, the builders, contractors (building, labor, etc). The landowners lease or have a contract with the ...view middle of the document...
At any point of time, at any construction site there will be children/infants working and living there. The children are not schooled and are mainly left with older siblings to be taken care of. The parents due to the financial and nomadic constraints do not understand that they are creating another generation of illiterate and oppressed labor force. The country’s social and human rights groups need to wake up and at least provide the basic knowledge to the current labor. The government needs to revamp current laws for minimum wage, safety and labor living conditions and appoint a board for the labors to enforce these new policies.
The workers are exposed to various factors which have serious effects on their health but they are unaware and continue to do what they have been doing. The dust, living condition, safety at the construction site, job specific gear.
Globalization of the construction industry in India
The Indian construction industry to compete with the international standards are adopting and investing in construction machinery. The use of the new machinery’s and technology has had a negative impact of the job vacancies in the construction industry. The only way to combat this is the use of current resources to educate the labor force to find an alternate in the construction industry.
The globalization can help the complete industry if it is handled in a way that the complete economy is benefited.
Frequent change of government officials
The current situation of the workers in the construction industry is defined as a invisible resource. There are no paper trails between the contractors and the laborers. The contractors are very aware of the disorganized and financial problems of the workers and exploit these factors.
Most of the laborers are not registered with respective the government organization or the contractors won’t have an actual count of the laborers or their skill classification. The labor commissioner remains the main person to which the unions, contractors and society has to report and answer to in each state for labor issues and rights. The regular change of officials in this position creates a vacuum in decision making and initiative to promote the issues of the local labor force. The knowledge of the laborers of the role of a labor commissioner helps this cause. The registration of the laborers would be a great resource for identifying the minimum wages requirement, the living requirement for the current labor workforce. It would help the government set standard laws across states on wages, security etc.
The workers in the construction industry are paid less than the minimum wages. There is a segregation gender wise on the wage system in the industry. As a general rule the men are paid higher than women in the industry, this is done as a...