Occupational Safety and Health
Case Study Draft
Concussions have casted a dark shadow over sports throughout the last decade. They are the most common head and brain injuries suffered by athletes. A concussion is “a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull” ("Concussion - WebMD: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention"). The major problem regarding concussions is that they are not visible to the human eye. Concussions occur all the way from Pop Warner leagues as a child to the professional leagues. My friend has played football his whole life. ...view middle of the document...
Junior Seau is a good example of the effects from concussions after a career. Sidney Crosby shows the effects of concussions for a player during his career. George Visger is another professional athlete who feels the affects from concussions everyday since he retired from the National Football League. Athletes are continuously getting bigger, faster, and stronger and it is routine for athletes to just shake off a blow to the head and continue playing. No two head injuries are exactly the same and each one of these athletes underwent different treatment plans tailored to their specific injury. What precautions should be utilized following head injuries in professional sports?
Concussions cannot be treated in the same manner as other injuries, such as broken bones or torn muscles. Since concussions affect the head and brain, it is extremely important to take the necessary steps and precautions before rushing back to playing. My own best friend is suffering from post concussion symptoms. Gianni admitted to me that he clearly had multiple concussions throughout his high school career, and even thinks he had some during his Pop Warner days as a kid. He is just a typical American that competed in the sport he loved, which is why concussions are such a serious topic in sports. How can a normal person who is not nearly capable of playing professional be plagued by concussions? He had to quit college football his junior year, after what he thinks was close to his 10th concussion. He now suffers from poor memory, and cannot maintain focus for a long period of time. His life has been severely altered by concussions, and unlike all professional athletes He made no money while playing. He has to deal with the affects from concussions the rest of his life and he didn’t even enter the labor force!
Junior Seau, a star linebacker during his time in the National Football League, is the most recent victim who has died due to head injuries. Seau took his own life on May 2nd, 2012 after he shot himself in the chest. After his death, his family decided to have his brain tested for CTE, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. This is a brain disease that can occur from multiple hits to the head and can only be discovered after death. After the study from the National Institutes of Health for research was conducted, the pathology report showed “five researchers -- two NIH neuropathologists and three independent experts -- examined slides of Seau's brain and all confirmed that there were signs consistent with CTE. None of the researchers was aware of the identity of the brain when initially looking at it” (Kounang and Smith). What is surprising is that Junior Seau never actually had any history of concussions.
So how could Junior’s team doctors handle his medical situation differently? How can a middle linebacker in the National Football League, who leads in with his head and helmet for the majority of his tackles taking multiple shots to the...