Composite Materials In Building Essay

1246 words - 5 pages

Composite Materials in
Building and Construction

Presented at:
May 15, 2013 - Denver, CO

Course Description
Composites have been used extensively in industries
such as marine and transportation for more than 50
years. Yet in some industries composites are just now
becoming a primary material of choice.
The use of composites in the building industry is
growing rapidly.
Traditional benefits offered by composites are being
recognized and utilized to address design limitations
and can be used to reduce life cycle environmental and
cost impacts.

Learning Objectives
• Define ‘Composite ...view middle of the document...

Disc brake pads are composites of
hard ceramic particles embedded
in soft metal.

Polymer Matrix Composites
Polymer Matrix Composites
A composite made from a polymer and
a reinforcing and/or particulate material
The polymer binds the reinforcement & particulate together.
Reinforcement material
 Glass fibers
 Natural fibers
 Carbon fibers


Particulate material
 Sand, talc and other fillers
 Color chips
 Recycled glass

Composites Are Lightweight
Polymer matrix composites are lighter than
steel, aluminum, concrete and brick.


112 lb / ft









3-D Column 1

Composites Have High Strength to Weight Ratio

Composites are
lightweight materials that
are strong and stiff.

Composites are much
stronger and stiffer than
pure polymers.

Relative to wood,
composites are stronger
and stiffer.

Relative to concrete,
composites offer superior

Composites can have
specific strength &
specific stiffness similar
to steels.










Specific Strength
(Strength / Density)



Composites Use in
Other Industries

Marine Applications
• Late 1940’s: First boats
constructed of composites
• Durability
• Design Flexibility
• Now: >90% of hulls
are composite

• Impact Resistance
• Corrosion Resistance

• Early 1950’s: First
commercial car bodies
• Design Freedom
• Low Weight
• Now: Significant
utilization on
unique design

• Part Consolidation
• Corrosion Resistance

• Early 1950’s: First
commercial car bodies
• Corrosion Resistance
• Low Weight
• Now: Body Panels,
Valve covers, Truck

• Part Consolidation
• Design Freedom

Heavy Truck
• Late 1960’s saw first use
in heavy truck
• Low Weight
• Corrosion Resistance
• Now: 90%+ of
heavy trucks are
composite body

• High Heat
• Durability

Heavy Truck
• Beyond Body Panels

• Low Weight
• Corrosion Resistance
• Now: Low weight
and high heat

• High Heat
• Durability

• Mid-1970’s: Concorde
was ~8% Composites
• Low Weight
• High Strength
• Now: Boeing 787
- 80% by volume
- 50% by weight

• Design / Aerodynamics
• Sound Dampening

Wind Energy
• 1980’s
– 15 meter diameter
– 50 kW turbines

• High Strength
• Low Weight
• Today
• 150 meter diameter
• 7.5 MW

• Toughness
• Corrosion Resistance

• Storage Tanks
• Electrical Components

• Durability
• Insulating Properties

• Corrosion Resistance

• Extending life of
• Facilitate safer handling

What does all this mean
for the Building &
Construction Industry?

Benefits of Composites


Other assignments on Composite Materials In Building

Conecpts Essay

1322 words - 6 pages of others’ behavior; interrelated statuses and roles. INSTITUTIONS: patterns of activity reproduced across time and space. Practices that are regularly and continuously repeated. Institutions often concern basic living arrangements that human beings work out in the interactions with one another and by means of which continuity is achieved across generations. The basic building blocks of societies. Social institutions are like buildings that are

Research Essay

438 words - 2 pages HeidelbergCement Spin Off with Hanson: HeidelbergCement is a global leader in aggregates and a prominent player in the fields of cement, concrete, and other downstream activities, making it one of the world’s largest manufacturers of building materials. The company employs 51,000 people at 2,500 locations in more than 40 countries. Hanson UK is a leading supplier of heavy building materials to the construction industry. They produce

Ikea Case

601 words - 3 pages that it “fits the IKEA concept of form, function and price”4, “for example the OGLA chair which initially was made of wood but eventually is made out of hollow composite, to make the chair affordable to most people”5 Also IKEA was capable of recombining their skills to serve the needs of entire families. To create child-friendly products IKEA consulted two psychologists, which in combination with their design expertise responds to

Marriott Corporation: The Cost Of Capital

4504 words - 19 pages President and Fellows of Harvard College. To order copies or request permission to reproduce materials, call 1-800-545-7685, write Harvard Business School Publishing, Boston, MA 02163, or go to No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, used in a spreadsheet, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise—without the permi ssion


4256 words - 18 pages points include gating operations, convergent points, divergent points, constraints, and shipping points. Detailed scheduling instructions are planned implemented, and monitored at these locations. Other work centers are instructed to “work if they have work; otherwise, be prepared for work”. In this manner, materials flow rapidly through the facility without detailed work center scheduling and control. | Dedicated capacity | A work center that

Green Building Movement

1193 words - 5 pages (14 points max), water efficiency (5 points max), energy and atmosphere (17 points max), materials and resources (13 points max), indoor environmental friendly (15 points max), innovation and design process (5 points max). Of course there’s a lot more factors in the determination of points such as regional differences. It takes more than just following a checklist to create a well design green building. Some of the criteria in the “sustainable

Amorphous Thermoplastics

8784 words - 36 pages field of polymer science. Thermopalstic elastomers have become a significant part of the polymer industry. They are used in many applications like adhesives, footwear, medical devices, automobile parts house hold goods, etc. TPE were introduced commercially in 1960. ] ] ] _ ] annual consumption of TPE materials is growing at a rate of 11% per year. The first generation TPE were made using Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) and ppolypropylene(PP

Heidelberg Cement Bangladesh

4966 words - 20 pages FIN 254 Part 1: Introduction and Methodology INTRODUCTION OF HEIDELBERG CEMENT BANGLADESH: Heidelberg Cement Bangladesh is one the largest producers of quality cement in Bangladesh. Heidelberg Cement Group from Germany, one of the world’s leaders in construction and building material with operations in more than 50 countries, owns 61% shares of the company. In 1998 Heidelberg Cement Group established its presence in Bangladesh by setting

Social Architecture

2012 words - 9 pages materials. Today, there are an increasing number of products available made from efficient, earth-friendly, or recycled materials (Louis). In a green building, consideration is also given to the construction process itself. Materials that minimize waste or can be recycled help, contribute to an efficient and environmentally sensitive construction process. Another important aspect of green architecture is the integration of energy efficient

Architectural Safety

321 words - 2 pages illumination so that people can see where they are going to avoid tripping over walkway obstruction or step. 7. Use non-skid materials on floors, walkways, and stairs, especially if there is a possibility of their becoming wet. 8. Provide appropriate handrails around balconies and alongside stairs and use railing designs that children cannot fall through or get their heads caught in. 9. Cover moving parts of machines to prevent people

Architecture Of Olympiapark In Berlin

1030 words - 5 pages been converted into student housing for more than 9,000 people. Part 2: One Characteristic of Postmodernism In This Building Olympiapark in Munich is the poster-child of Postmodern architecture. The building celebrates curved forms, uses materials not usually used in architecture, and is quite unique. The roof of the Olympic stadium is made to look almost like tents. Steel cable braces the structure and PVC fabric is draped over the cable

Similar Documents

Materials Science Essay

590 words - 3 pages rolls, oil wells and mining, molds, military, valves, textile and electronics. The chemical reactions that occur when using sodium hypophosphite as the reducing agent in electroless nickel plating are portrayed by the four equations below: 1. H2PO2- + H2O HPO32- + 2H + H+ 2. Ni2+ + 2H Ni + 2H+ 3. 2H H2 4. H2PO2- + H P + OH- + H2O Sometimes, materials are coated not only with EN solution, but also with EN composite (i.e. EN solution mixed with dispersant and ceramic composite powder such as TiB2, TiC or ZrB2). These composite powders increases hardness, roughness of the materials and increase their corrosion- and wear-resistance.

Tactics Of Commercial Activities Essay

5381 words - 22 pages department such as: EPB, BKMEA, BGMEA, Chamber Of Commerce, CUSTOMS, Trade License, ERC, IRC, Composite Certificate ETC. * Handle Export Documents, Cash Incentive, EPB, BKMEA, BGMEA, BTMA, CUSTOMS, Back to Back L/C, Banking etc. * Keeping good communication with other departments to execute export related works. * Ensuring delivery in time to the factory of the company. * Handling any other commercial related work assigned by Top Management

Deck Building Project Essay

8397 words - 34 pages the beginning of construction. Construction Costs The materials list shown in Table 4 incorporates the requirements to construct a composite material deck, per the Homeowner’s specifications. The direct buy discount from the supplier provided to contractors is listed on the table, as well as the project team’s handling fee. The estimated materials cost is $5,147.10. Labor cost is calculated by work package, from the concrete footers

Home Away From Home Essay

2601 words - 11 pages This course begins a demonstration and examination of various concepts of algebra. It assists in building skills for performing specific mathematical operations and problem solving. These concepts and skills serve as a foundation for subsequent quantitative business coursework. Applications to real-world problems are emphasized throughout the course. This course is the first half of the college mathematics sequence, which is completed in MTH 209