Comparison of Two Religions:
Hinduism and Buddhism
Professor Carla Thompson
April 28, 2014
Comparison of Two Religions: Buddhism and Hinduism
Buddhism was founded around 500 BCE by Prince Siddhartha Gautama. Gautama Buddha who was born about 2,500 years ago questioned his sheltered luxurious life in a palace. Leaving the palace he found four sights, a sick man, an old man, a dead man and a monk. Seeing this he realized that even a prince could not escape the issues of illness, suffering and death. So a monk told him to relinquish all his power and become a wandering holy man and seek the answers of why must people suffer and what was the cause of ...view middle of the document...
He explained to them that they should take responsibility for their own actions and lives. Nirvana is the goal of all Buddhists and is the cessation of all pain and suffering. It is the end of samsana, or the cycle of birth and death that all are subject to (reincarnation). Buddha Gautama is very highly respected, and his teachings are the basis of all Buddhist thought and action.
As an alternative they practice ethics, meditation which helps with their minds and bodies, and the actual understanding of the teachings of Buddha. The way that Buddhist focus on their ethics is they follow their Five Precepts that include 1) Abstaining from killing - killing or causing harm to other living beings; many Buddhists are vegetarians because they feel believe that it is important not to cause harm to anything that has life, 2) Stealing - do not to take something that was not given to you because this can cause harm to someone which is like hurting something that has life, 3) Unlawful sexual intercourse – not to harm or disrespect the body; the body is their temple, 4) Avoid false speech - words that do not cause harm to you or others only use if they are true and kind, 5) Liquor and Drugs – so not to intoxicate oneself and confuse the mind. Additionally, Buddhists practice certain rituals in order for them to have a better understanding of the teachings of Buddha. Buddha’s main goal is his rituals of the basic teachings, The Four Noble Truths, in which he puts a great deal of emphasis on to cease the suffering of his believers. The Four Noble Truths are 1) human life has a lot of suffering, 2) the cause of suffering is greed, 3) there is an end to suffering and 4) the way to end suffering is to follow the Middle Path. Buddhists believe that the way to end suffering is by following the Noble Eightfold and by cutting off the causes of the suffering. The Buddhists have what is called the Three Universal Truths that Buddha discovered and taught along with The Four Noble Truths for 45 years and they are “1) everything in life is impermanent and always changing, 2) because nothing is permanent, a life based on possessing things or persons doesn’t make you happy, 3) there is no eternal, unchanging soul and “self” is just a collection of changing characteristics or attributes” (United Religions Initiative 2002). Being a Buddha, one practices from the minute that they arise with having a positive attitude and thinking of no harmful thought. They continue with a daily meditation practice a few times a day for a period of 15 to 30 minutes. The practice of Dharma is done wherever they are and then the next step is to remember that they have to be benevolent and have that optimistic attitude that they started out with that morning. Buddhists also practice the creation of mindfulness by becoming more aware of their movements and how they touch those that are around them and those within the environment.
The origins of these religions...