March 6, 2012
Ethics is the science of right and wrong in human action.” (Boyle, 2009, Chapter 1, Living in a World of Values). The overall purpose of this paper is to compare the similarities and differences between the three major approaches in normative ethics; virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will do this by analyzing these ethical theories and by describing them along with presenting the facts on how each theory relates to ethics and morality. It will also include a personal experience to explain the relationship ...view middle of the document...
Sometimes this has been shortened to the slogan, “The greatest good for the greatest number” (Boylan, 2009, Chapter 12, It’s About the Team: Utilitarianism). In other words, utilitarianism specifically aims at maximizing happiness, providing the greatest balance of pleasure, along with reducing suffering.
Deontological theory is a “moral theory that emphasizes one’s duty to do a particular action just because the action itself is inherently right and not through any other sorts of calculations—such as the consequences of the action” (Boylan, 2009, Chapter 13, Its About Doing Your Duty: Deontology). With this deontology the right action is defined by duty and according to the leading proponent of this theory Immanuel Kant “Human beings, says Kant, are, by nature, rational beings and as such need have a rational basis to their lives: they need to know what make right actions right. Ethics, he maintains, is concerned with identifying moral imperatives, and providing rational explanations as to why we should obey them.” This is almost a daily thing for most people, telling the truth, or rather not...