Running Head: Community Assessment and Analysis
Community Assessment and Analysis: The State of Arizona
Grand Canyon University: NRS 427V
September 9, 2012
Community Assessment and Analysis
Arizona is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the western United States and the mountain west with the state’s capitol and largest city being, Phoenix. The second largest Arizona city is Tucson, which is then followed in size by eight Phoenix metropolitan area cities: Mesa, Glendale, Chandler, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Peoria and Yuma. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states admitted to ...view middle of the document...
Arizona’s native population is one of the largest in the nation. It comes third, after only Oklahoma and California.
Arizona holds a recognized geopolitical population. Aside from its large native population, being a border state with Mexico makes Arizona one of the largest Hispanic populated states. According to the U.S. census bureau 30.1% of Arizonians are of Hispanic/Latino origin. Of that population, most are of Mexican descendants. In fact, apart from California, Arizona holds the 2nd largest Mexican population making Spanish the most popular language second only to English. The median household income is $50,448 and 15.3% of Arizonians live below poverty level.
Because of its well known Hispanic population, Arizona’s phenomenological features are significantly influenced by Mexican culture and heritage. Visualizing the Spanish/Sonora architecture homes throughout communities and seeing the numerous Catholic churches is an everyday sight. Attending community celebrations such as “Cinco de Mayo” or “Tamal and Taco” festival is always interesting and are run throughout the year. There is an abundance of Mexican food stands no matter how small the community.
Social interaction is defined as a relationship that exists between two or more individuals or groups. This relationship is a matter of mutual respect towards one another. It involves understanding action, behaviors, and practices. Different types of social interactions may include: Cooperation, conflict, social exchange, conformity, or coercion. Cooperation is defined as members or other groups who work together by putting forth their efforts and labor towards a common goal. Conflict is exhibited when these members or groups work against one another. Defeating or winning against another member of the team is seen as more important than achieving the common goal set forth. Conflict is good in some circumstances since it does help in changing one’s beliefs and values and attracts attention to disparities within the group. Social exchange is known as a mutual relationship among groups with the expectation of receiving a reward in return for services they provide or complete. The earned benefit or reward is considered to be more important than the actual relationship among the group members. Conformity is yet another type of social interaction. Its members adjust and adapt their character to match the behavior of the other people within the group. Examples of these types of relationships can be found within universities, churches, and Hispanic cultures. In social interaction, coercion is considered forceful and dominating. Members are mandated to behave in certain ways.
Within the Hispanic community in Arizona, they celebrate “Cinco De Mayo”. The Hispanic population comes out in groups to remember and celebrate the day Mexico became independent. They participate in many different church communities and worship and pray together. They live together as groups in peaceful...