Assignment 1: Commercialization of Organ Transplants
Professor Kenneth Pino
I’ve recently done research regarding the commercialization of Organ Transplants. I’ve found many arguments for and against this subject. Some individuals find the act to be unethical, and other’s think it will save lives. The problem is that a new policy was proposed to allow sale of organs by consenting individuals to patients in need and to medical institutions. When it comes to the subject of human organs, there are a few ethical standards to consider. There are religious standards, social norms, ethical code, morals, and policies in which we should follow. Critics ...view middle of the document...
Anything that can be sold on the black market would be more beneficial if made legal and taxed. Despite all of the pros there are some cons that have dire consequences. By commercializing organ transplants some ethical codes are violated. Apart from the fact that selling these organs would be against federal law because it was banned by congress. Also, despite the fact that this goes against public policy we have to evaluate the ethical wrongs. Many religions have certain beliefs about the body being the “temple of the lord” and not defiling that temple. So, to commit such an act would violate their traditions. For example, the Jews believe in being buried with all of their body parts. Also, critics argue that to allow commercialization of these organs will encourage criminal behavior. In our society there are criminal acts made because of financial struggles i.e.; prostitution, and human trafficking. I think we all can agree that selling human organs and thinking of them as a commodity violates the social norm. There may seem to be more pros than cons when it comes to commercializing organ transplants but I’m against it. It doesn’t matter if an action only hurt’s a few people the fact remains that it’s unethical. Society needs to evaluate the moral principle in this situation. We can’t allow human organs to be sold as commodities for money, personal gain, or just because we can do what we want with our bodies. For example, suicide is illegal because it’s immoral even if it is your body. Also, you can be locked up or discharged from the military for causing yourself bodily harm and this isn’t much different. By donating your organs you can risk sickness, and even death. Also, if one person donates an organ and the other organ gives out this will pose another health problem. We shouldn’t agree with anything that violates any moral standards, or that would promote unethical behavior. For example, it’s not ethical to commit murder in order to save a friends life. Well, then it’s not okay to put other people at a health risk to save another patients life on a waiting list. Also, this policy would make the commercialization of organ transplants worldwide which can cause health issues. These transplants can bring diseases to people who are in need of an organ transplant which will make them sicker. “According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2005 93,000 kidney, liver, and heart transplants were performed globally. There is evidence that the medical practices surrounding commercial organ transplantation are sub-standard. Medical complications are common, as is the transmission of infectious diseases, including HIV and hepatitis B and C.” (R.W., Evans) Some argue that this won’t happen if we regulate transplantation. For example, policies should be made to run tests on donors and make sure their organs are healthy before accepting. However, this will not fully eradicate the disease problem because a criminal market will be produced after...