Cognitive Views On Learning Essay

3462 words - 14 pages

“Between stimulus and response there is a space. In that space lies our freedom and power to choose our response. In our response lies our growth and freedom.” Viktor Emil Frankl, M.D., Ph.D (Man's Search for Meaning; 1946 )
Everyone of us, Human or animal alike, have been living in this world since the primordial time. Coping with every change that had happened and developing new routine in everyday life. Routines that may soon be etch with in our system. That will eventually turn out to be a habit. A habit that will consume our senses until it will all become our Behavior. As to Psychologists, Behaviorism is more concerned with behavior than with thinking, feeling, or knowing. It ...view middle of the document...

  Although the Progressive movement is often associated with political reform its’ affects were felt much more broadly.  The Progressive Movement is a natural evolution of the liberal philosophies that began with John Locke and put into practice by Thomas Jefferson.   The defining concept is the idea that society is bound together by an implicit social contract permitting political autonomy and individual rights in exchange for an obligation of stewardship of the social needs of others. 
As early as 1897, the roots of behaviorism can be found in the laboratory of sociologist Franklin Henry Giddings who created a “sympathy scale”, purporting to measure the levels of sympathy between races. (Mills, 1998).  Mills knew that his scale was inherently racist, but this was not a problem of political correctness as much as it was a problem of measurement.  To overcome criticisms of lack of objective measurement Giddings rejected states of mind, internal mental mechanisms, and the unconscious and operationally defined behaviors that he believed represented sympathy (Mills, 1998).
As years passed by and Psychologists and Philosphers alike started developing and discovering new beyond for knowledge Behaviorism had it's earliest start with the work of a Russian physiologist named Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov's research on the digestive systems of dogs led to his discovery of the classical conditioning process, which demonstrated that behaviors could be learned via conditioned associations. Pavlov demonstrated that this learning process could be used to make an association between and environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus.( McLeod, S. A. (2007). Pavlov's Dogs. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/pavlov.html)
After Pavlov’s discovery an American psychologist named John B. Watson soon became one of the strongest advocates of behaviorism. The structure that Watson illustrated for the behaviorism was a discipline based heavily in rationalist thought, and on the precept that learning is the major influence on development and behavior (Rilling, 2000).  Initially outlining the basics principles of this new school of thought in his 1913 paper Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It,
The impact of behaviorism was enormous, and this school of thought continued to dominate for the next 50 years. In likely manner Psychologist B.F. Skinner furthered the behaviorist perspective with his concept of operant conditioning, which demonstrated the effect of punishment and reinforcement on behavior. (Skinner, B. F. (1938). The Behavior of Organisms: An Experimental Analysis. New York: Appleton-Century.)
While behaviorism eventually lost its hold on psychology, the basic principles of behavioral psychology are still widely in use today. Therapeutic techniques such as behavior analysis, behavioral modification and token economies are often utilized to help children learn new skills and overcome maladaptive behaviors, while conditioning is used in many...

Other assignments on Cognitive Views On Learning

Psychology Essay

960 words - 4 pages inheritance. Contrastingly, nurture refers to environment impact on human self-development. The process involves how the learning process takes place through experience. It is important to note that human heredity (DNA) is similar and thus human development in human beings is almost the same. That is the reason for similar development changes in lives of most people. Cognitive Psychology Cognitive psychology is the process that involves the study

Conditioning Essay

256 words - 2 pages All three types of learning are part of behaviourism and look at measurable behaviour, rather than on cognitive and biological processes. Classical conditioning was the first learning theory, introduces in the 1900s followed by operant conditioning in the 1940s and the social learning theory after that. Classical conditioning examines how a response is associated with a stimulus to cause conditioning looking at reflex / involuntary

What Makes A Terrorist

1032 words - 5 pages their own belief system. This post only addressed a few of many psychological perspectives on terrorism. What does cause a person to justifiably injure another? Is it the innate drives conflicting with social norms as psychoanalysis would say? Is terrorism simply the manifestation of what a particular society is groomed to know as right? Is it the result of feeling the need to stay in-group and not be part of an out-group, because the views

Cbt For Psychosis

4494 words - 18 pages the development of the cognitive approach to emotional disorders did explore the idea of adapting a cognitive model to psychosis in a paper in 1952, “Successful outpatient psychotherapy of a chronic schizophrenic with a delusion based on borrowed guilt”, it hasn’t been until the last few decades, with the expanse and empirical evidence for cognitive behavioural therapy as a treatment mode, and a focus of treatment of clients with psychosis in a

General

515 words - 3 pages typically be grouped according to the type of cognitive ability they measure: 1.Fluid intelligence: the ability to think and reason abstractly, effectively solve problems and think strategically. It’s more commonly known as ‘street smarts’ or the ability to ‘quickly think on your feet’. Examples of what employers can learn from your fluid intelligence about your suitability for the role for which you are applying 2.Crystallised intelligence

A Literature Review On Absorptive Capacity Diego

4278 words - 18 pages variety of learning mechanisms, as Usiminas did. (Figueiredo 2003). Tsai’s (2001) finding stressed that the effect of network position on innovation is moderated by AC draws on the argument that network position results in increased learning because of increased AC, even though Tsai presents no direct evidence. In addition, he found support for the influence of R&D intensity in affecting innovation. Nooteboom et al. (2007) interpreted cognitive

Db2 Educ 205

607 words - 3 pages Discussion Board 1- My Christian worldview is definitely developed every day, and has been developing since I was born. The theory I like to talk about and discuss is Jean Piaget’s Cognitive theory. The theory that Piaget introduced during his studies is comparable to every aspects of a person’s life, learning ability, and worldview. Birth to 2 years is the period of Sensorimotor. During this time frame an infant or toddler uses senses and

Appedix C

295 words - 2 pages the unconscious into the conscious, where people deal with problems more effectively. This technique also tries to figure out why individuals employ defense mechanisms that are associated with coping when Confronted with conflicts. Childhood or past memories that are buried deep or ones that you want to forget are brought to attention to be discussed. Behavioral treatments build on the basic processes of learning, such as reinforcement and

Guidelines For Developing Competencies

648 words - 3 pages confidence.”) Say what you mean, using only necessary words. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Content: 1. Use all domains as appropriate: cognitive, psychomotor and affective. 2. Build the level of learning from the lowest level to the highest level in each domain, e.g., from knowledge to evaluation in the cognitive domain; from imitation to naturalization in the psychomotor domain; and from receiving to characterizing in the affective domain

Contemporary Themes

2275 words - 10 pages , collaborative learning and networking have a huge impact in many business of today and that includes the Hospitality and Service Industries. This paper aims to provide insights, suggestions, benefits, challenges and understanding on how to deal with different people of different backgrounds and upbringings in the workplace. It discusses and summarizes the significance of intercultural perceptions, cultural collective thoughts, sharing experiences

Literature And Poetry

623 words - 3 pages pessimistic,humanists psychology are that human beings are intrinsically good and that their human natures possess constructive and trustworthy attributes.This view of many humanists in the West. Cognitive: Cognitive psychology investigates processes related to thinking, including memory, reasoning, and decision making. Cognitive psychologists also research perceptual and learning processes. Their are two student in

Similar Documents

Cognitive Learning Hrm Essay

2357 words - 10 pages alone but can be achieved through performing tasks or activities and learning from past experiences as well. Thus, the more suitable style of learning is none other than cognitive learning in which Boud (1998) described that it emphasizes on the internal attributes of the mind while furnishing views based on the form of knowledge needed for working performance and their development. The purpose of this paper is to determine the advantages and

A Socio Cognitive View Of Adult Development

321 words - 2 pages use this article as a reference. However, I could not use this as my main source but I could use some compelling facts from it. I would prefer to have research from many different points of view on the subject matter. There are many different scientific approaches to cognitive views of development, and it would be interesting to gather information from other scientists’ views about the topic. Overall, I know that having adequate and credible information is crucial when researching a paper, so I could not use only this source while writing my paper.

Dealing With People Of Different Race

448 words - 2 pages There are many factors that should be taken into consideration when dealing with people of a different race, ethnicity, or culture. The Cognitive theory of personality development focuses on how people understand and think about the world. The cognitive perspective also deals with people’s motivation, decision making process, learning, and problem solving skills. On the other hand, the psychodynamic perspective focuses on the belief that human

Cognitive Information Process Vs. Brain Essay

744 words - 3 pages , remembers, recall and apply information or knowledge”. My understanding of this is that, learning is an individual awareness to the things going on around him from his prior experiences, memory, recalling the information and how it is applied. Gredler (2009 cites), “The brain is not a passive consumer of information.... The stored memories and information-processing strategies of our cognitive system interact with the sensory information received from