Consistency, the absence of contradictions, has sometimes been called the hallmark of ethics. Ethics is supposed to provide an individual with a guide for moral living, and to do so it must be rational, and to be rational it must be free of contradictions. When consistency and ethics are compromised, this is known as cognitive dissonance. Leon Festinger shared his brilliance with the world when he created the Cognitive Dissonance theory. Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors (McLeod, 2008). Cognitive dissonance produces an uncomfortable tension of discomfort leading ...view middle of the document...
Social, Cultural, and Spiritual Influences on Behavior and Personal Ethics
Personal ethics may have a role to play regarding calling in sick to work. Each person has a set of morals and personal ethics that are pertinent to him or her, yet because of cognitive dissonance, the employee may decide to call in sick anyway and rationalize away the repercussions. Social, cultural, and spiritual influences may prevent the person from calling in sick, yet it may also permit the rationalization. Socially, within the group of people that the employee works with, it may be tolerated, thus excused once or twice. The person may convince his or her social contacts the sickness was real. Cognitive dissonance may prove that the person did not want to call in sick, yet the social hierarchy deemed it appropriate to do so. Although the employee knows it is ethically wrong to be absent from work when there is no physical or emergent reason, the person joined the social group anyway due to the groupthink mentality (McLeod, 2008).
Culturally, within the United States, most people believe in the concept that an individual is responsible for his or her own success. When contrasted against the team concept of work that is prevalent in Asian countries, many Americans, unlike their Asian competitors, are able to rationalize that calling in sick unnecessarily will not affect the business. This simply is not true. Cindy Perman (2011) of CNBC writes, “calling in sick when you’re not may seem harmless, and even something you think you deserve, but the truth is, this type of unexpected absence costs companies millions each year.” Calling in sick is more the epidemic than being sick. Perman further writes that throughout her research, it was found that the younger employees are the most frequent violators and that being “sick” occurs more frequently on Fridays and Mondays. Culturally, this is harmful to the morals and ethics of an entire generation.
Spiritual intelligence or (SQ) refers to an individual’s thought process regarding understanding and asking questions about life and its meaning, the capacity to sense, and have different levels of connection from or with other individuals within our society and world. Many individuals choose to be dishonest because of the lack of mindfulness in their spiritual walk. Mindfulness is a factor grounded in beliefs that there are many connections between the mind, body, and soul. This individual does not have the connections with himself or herself to say lying is wrong and that the consequences could end his or her career. This factor leads to extrasensory perception, which is a level of psychic awareness. This factor is often known as the sixth sense. “Human beings can attain a worthy and harmonious life only if they are able to rid themselves, within the limits of human nature, of the striving for the wish fulfillment of material kinds. The goal is to...