This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cognitive Dissonance Essay

1491 words - 6 pages

Cognitive Dissonance

Cognitive Dissonance
Consistency, the absence of contradictions, has sometimes been called the hallmark of ethics. Ethics is supposed to provide an individual with a guide for moral living, and to do so it must be rational, and to be rational it must be free of contradictions. When consistency and ethics are compromised, this is known as cognitive dissonance. Leon Festinger shared his brilliance with the world when he created the Cognitive Dissonance theory. Cognitive dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors (McLeod, 2008). Cognitive dissonance produces an uncomfortable tension of discomfort leading ...view middle of the document...

Social, Cultural, and Spiritual Influences on Behavior and Personal Ethics
Personal ethics may have a role to play regarding calling in sick to work. Each person has a set of morals and personal ethics that are pertinent to him or her, yet because of cognitive dissonance, the employee may decide to call in sick anyway and rationalize away the repercussions. Social, cultural, and spiritual influences may prevent the person from calling in sick, yet it may also permit the rationalization. Socially, within the group of people that the employee works with, it may be tolerated, thus excused once or twice. The person may convince his or her social contacts the sickness was real. Cognitive dissonance may prove that the person did not want to call in sick, yet the social hierarchy deemed it appropriate to do so. Although the employee knows it is ethically wrong to be absent from work when there is no physical or emergent reason, the person joined the social group anyway due to the groupthink mentality (McLeod, 2008).
Culturally, within the United States, most people believe in the concept that an individual is responsible for his or her own success. When contrasted against the team concept of work that is prevalent in Asian countries, many Americans, unlike their Asian competitors, are able to rationalize that calling in sick unnecessarily will not affect the business. This simply is not true. Cindy Perman (2011) of CNBC writes, “calling in sick when you’re not may seem harmless, and even something you think you deserve, but the truth is, this type of unexpected absence costs companies millions each year.” Calling in sick is more the epidemic than being sick. Perman further writes that throughout her research, it was found that the younger employees are the most frequent violators and that being “sick” occurs more frequently on Fridays and Mondays. Culturally, this is harmful to the morals and ethics of an entire generation.
Spiritual intelligence or (SQ) refers to an individual’s thought process regarding understanding and asking questions about life and its meaning, the capacity to sense, and have different levels of connection from or with other individuals within our society and world. Many individuals choose to be dishonest because of the lack of mindfulness in their spiritual walk. Mindfulness is a factor grounded in beliefs that there are many connections between the mind, body, and soul. This individual does not have the connections with himself or herself to say lying is wrong and that the consequences could end his or her career. This factor leads to extrasensory perception, which is a level of psychic awareness. This factor is often known as the sixth sense. “Human beings can attain a worthy and harmonious life only if they are able to rid themselves, within the limits of human nature, of the striving for the wish fulfillment of material kinds. The goal is to...

Other assignments on Cognitive Dissonance

Ebay Essay

903 words - 4 pages steps in the consumer decision making process (need recognition, information search, evaluation of alternatives, purchase, and postpurchase behavior). Know what each entails ▪ Review the ways in which consumers may evaluate alternatives from evoked set. ▪ Explain how cognitive dissonance relates to consumer behavior. ▪ Understand the terms routine response behavior, limited decision making, and extensive decision making

Cbt For Psychosis Essay

4494 words - 18 pages quicker decisions (shortcuts) or and organise information (McMullin, 2000). Cognitive biases are present on various levels of cognitions and can belong to groups of cognitions or to individual concepts. There are various types of cognitive biases from those which help us in making decisions (negativity biases, the tendency to give more weight on negative experiences rather than positive), those that influence motivation (cognitive dissonance, the

Psychology Reflective Journal

814 words - 4 pages is a kind of “cognitive dissonance” that there are conflicts between his behavior(smoking) and attitude(knowing that smoking affects health). When there is an attitude mismatch in his mind, he will try hard to do something to minimize the emotional discomfort and it is a golden opportunity for me to persuade him to change his belief to leave smoking. During the process, I would like to use ”foot-in-the-door” technique to increase the

Bus 520

993 words - 4 pages are__________. Answer Selected Answer: counterproductive workplace behaviors Correct Answer: counterproductive workplace behaviors Question 11 0 out of 4 points Incorrect A state of inconsistency between an individual’s attitudes and behavior is known as __________. Answer Selected Answer: emotional contagion Correct Answer: cognitive dissonance Question 12 4 out of 4 points Correct Social emotions refer to


8449 words - 34 pages motivation 2.3 Push and pull 2.4 Self-control 2.5 Drives 2.6 Incentive theory 2.7 Escape-seeking dichotomy model 2.8 Drive-reduction theory 2.9 Cognitive dissonance theory 2.10 Content theories 2.10.1 Maslow's hierarchy of needs 2.10.2 Herzberg's two-factor theory 2.10.3 Alderfer's ERG theory 2.10.4 Self-determination theory

Social Marketing

3265 words - 14 pages alcohol is also an example of cognitive dissonance. Leon Festinger first described cognitive dissonance as ‘the feeling of psychological discomfort produced by the combined presence of two thoughts that do not follow from one another.’(Festinger 1956). Consuming alcohol fits in with cognitive dissonance as most people are aware that consuming alcohol can lead to diseases such as liver cirrhosis and can also impair our judgement in certain

Djuice – The Most Successful Youth Brand Of Pakistan

3681 words - 15 pages activities through SMSs, Emails and facebook fan page. Free Customer Care call center is a thing of the past for Djuice. Queries and issues are now even addressed through Facebook page and even through Text messages. This prevents cognitive dissonance resulting from post purchase dissatisfaction. Place Djuice has intensively distributed itself. Djuice SIM cards are now even available at general retail stores followed by Mobile Shops, Telenor

Consumer Behavior

3945 words - 16 pages * Homeostasis (항상성) – goal oriented * Expectancy Theory – Positive incentives ex) Missoni launched popup stores – sales , free samples * Cognitive Dissonance (지각적 불일치) : Needs VS Consistency * Needs influence Purchases * Physiological * Safety * Social * Esteem * Self-Actualization * Inertia Needs – Passionate Needs * Values 1. Cultural values 2. Product specific value ex) L’Oreal


6732 words - 27 pages Impression Management Unit 4: Attitudes a) Attitude Formation: How Attitudes Develop b) When and why do Attitudes Influence Behaviour? c) How do attitudes guide behaviour? d) The Fine Art of Persuasion: how Attitudes are changed e) Resisting Persuasion attempts f) Cognitive Dissonance: What it is and how we manage it? UAPSY 401 Semester IV. Social Psychology: Part II (Credits = 3) 3 lectures per week; 45 lectures per Semester Unit 1: Stereotyping

Is Morality A Biological Or Social Construct?

2036 words - 9 pages thinks that equality requires a change in people’s attitudes and perception not just a change in the law, which she believes is currently the case. After reading those findings, it seems it might be viable to assume that the consensus on sexual discrimination hasn’t changed too much. Maybe its womens’ attitudes to it that have changed, a kind of cognitive dissonance is happening as a coping mechanism, to help deal with the problem that


2657 words - 11 pages several unknowns to consider. First, all employees once enjoyed annual raises and under the new proposed merit system only high-performing associates would qualify for the raise. Second, with the entrance of new competitors highly-skilled workers would now have the option to leave Walgreens for a new employer but may experience a sense of cognitive dissonance (2011) for abandoning loyal teammates. Finally, Walgreens’ key leadership must risk

Similar Documents

Science Essay

293 words - 2 pages Misattribution of arousal (two factor theory of emotion) People search the immediate environment for emotional relevant clues to label and interpret unexplained physiological arousal, leading to misattribution. Cognitive dissonance: mental discomfort that arises when we are confronted with actions, situations, or feelings that go against our morals values. we seek reduce this dissonance Conformity : a change in ones behavior due to the real or

Project Essay

484 words - 2 pages . Fear leads to imagined outcomes, which are the real source of stress.UncertaintyWhen we are not certain, we are unable to predict, and hence feel we are not in control, and hence may feel fear or feel threatened by that which is causing the uncertainty.Cognitive dissonanceWhen there is a gap between what we do and what we think, then we experience cognitive dissonance, which is felt as stress. Thus, if I think I am a nice person then do

Communication Essay

1651 words - 7 pages theory 6. H Communication privacy management theory 7. I Organizational culture theory 8. J Agenda-setting theory 9. K Face-negotiation theory 10. E Organizational information theory 12. L Symbolic interaction theory 13. M Cognitive dissonance theory 14. N Expectancy violations theory 15. O Groupthink A. Explains why parties to communication experience conflicting pulls that cause relationships to be in a constant state of flux

The Nature Of Organizational Behavior: Essay

880 words - 4 pages significantly improve individual, team, and organizational effectiveness” (McShane & Von Glinow, 2010, p.105). Attitudes represent the cluster of beliefs which also effect feelings, and behavior. According to the text attitudes involve” conscious logical reasoning and is more stable over time such as positive or negative evaluations of a person”. Cognitive dissonance emotions and attitudes occur when perception is inconsistent between our