* Allusion – A brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature
* Allegory – a narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning because its events, actions, characters, settings, and objects represent specific abstractions or ideas.
* Alliteration – the repetition of the same consonant sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable.
* Apostrophe – an address, wither to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker or to something nonhuman that cannot comprehend.
* Assonance – the repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same. i.e. “asleep ...view middle of the document...
* Hyperbole – an approach to literature that uses history as a means of understanding a literary work more clearly.
* Irony – a literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true.
* Iambic pentameter – a metrical pattern in poetry that consists of five iambic feet per line.
* Dramatic Irony – creates a discrepancy between what a character believes or says and what the reader or audience member knows to be true.
* Metaphor – a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as. Assert the identity of dissimilar things.
* Controlling Metaphor – runs through an entire work an determines its form or nature.
* Falling Meter – refers to metrical feet that move from stressed to unstressed sounds, such as the trochaic foot and the dactylic foot.
* Rising Meter – refers to metrical feet that move from unstressed to stressed sounds, such as the iambic foot and the anapestic foot.
* Onomatopoeia – a term referring to the use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes.
* Oxymoron – a condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together, as in “sweet sorrow” or “jumbo shrimp.”
* Ode – a relatively lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style.
* Paradox – a statement that initially appears to be contradictory but then, on closer inspection, turns out to make sense.
* Parody – a humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work.
* Prose Poem – a kind of open form poetry that is printed as prose and represents...