This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Cima Essay

9239 words - 37 pages

ANZAM 2009

Manager’s Degree of JIT Involvement, Locus of Control and Managerial Performance

Journal: Manuscript ID: Manuscript Type:

23rd Annual Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference draft Paper just-in-time < 15. Technology, Innovation and Supply Chain Management, manufacturing technology < 15. Technology, Innovation and Supply Chain Management, operations management < 15. Technology, Innovation and Supply Chain Management, performance measurement < 15. Technology, Innovation and Supply Chain Management

Keywords (Select the keywords for the Track(s) which you have selected on the previous step):

Page 1 of 25

ANZAM 2009

Manager’s Degree of JIT ...view middle of the document...

The apparent benefits of JIT stem from the reduction/elimination of many non-value adding activities. However the adoption of JIT does not automatically increase profits due to the direct and indirect costs associated with implementation (Balakrishnan et al. 1996). Groebner & Merz (1994, p.26) asserted, ‘as with any new management process, JIT’s effectiveness is dependent on how the technique is implemented’.

Previous research analysing the impact of JIT on performance is equivocal, with some researchers reporting performance improvements with the implementation of JIT systems (Flynn et al. 1995; Callen et al. 2000) and others finding no improvements (Balakrishnan et al. 1996; Kendall & Steen 1998; Clarke & Mia 1993). Several researchers have demonstrated that contingency variables play an important role in determining the success or otherwise of the JIT philosophy. This research has shown that organisational variables such as structure and culture (Sohal et al. 1993; Selto et al. 1995; Kalagnanam & Lindsay 1998), infrastructure (Flynn et al., 1995), intensity of market competition (Chong & Rundas 1999), and performance-related information (Mia 2000) are important variables in determining the successful adoption of JIT.

However, little attention has been placed on examining individual behavioural considerations within a JIT environment. This is surprising given the significant changes the JIT approach creates in the work place (Peters & Austin 1995). The introduction of JIT can induce job-related stress, which can have a detrimental effect on individual performance in terms of long-term productivity, work quality and decision making (Inman & Brandon 1992; Peters & Austin 1995; Godard 2001).
1

ANZAM 2009

Page 2 of 25

The need to go beyond the technical and uncover the behavioural aspects of JIT adoption was recognised by Power & Sohal (2000b p.933) who noted the importance of balancing ‘people involvement’ against an understanding of what this change in involvement means to the individuals concerned and the organisation itself. The consequence of a lean production system under JIT makes employee involvement and behaviour management crucial, as exposed inefficiencies and problems need to be corrected to ensure customer orders are delivered on time. Indeed, Godard (2001) asserted that the benefits of higher empowerment, task involvement and belongingness may be diminished due to workers being overwhelmed and becoming stressed. Watson & Baumal (1967) argue that individuals will perform better in situations where actual environmental locus of control and the individual’s preferred locus of control are congruent. The inherent differences in control within a JIT and non-JIT system have implications for the involvement and behaviour management of all staff. The purpose of this study is to examine the interaction between degree of JIT involvement and locus of control affecting managerial performance. Empirical evidence is presented which...

Other assignments on Cima

Companhia Brasileira De Distribuição Essay

896 words - 4 pages lucratividade bruta e lucratividade operacional 1 e 2. Para o ano de 2013 índice de lucratividade líquida, que apesar de estar abaixo da média, teve um crescimento maior do que o mercado, e os outros índices apresentaram uma piora dos outros índices. Para finalizar as análises financeiras, temos o índice de rentabilidade sobre o patrimônio líquido, que representa o retorno da empresa em cima do investimento realizado dos acionistas, já estava acima da

Mannegement-Information-Systems Essay

2724 words - 11 pages , CIMA, Oxford, UK. Baud, R, Fieschi, M and Le Beux, P 2003, The New Navigators: From Professionals to Patients: Proceedings of MIE2003, IOS Press. Behl, R 2009, Information Technology for Management, McGraw-Hill Education. Brooke, P and Paige, R 2007, Practical Distributed Processing, Springer. Collier, P and Agyei-Ampomah, S 2008, Cima Official Learning System Management Accounting Risk and Control Strategy, Butterworth

Managerial Accounting

4268 words - 18 pages . References Aird, C. (1993). A going concern. New York: St. Martin's Press. Bull, R. (2005). Financial ratios. London: Spiro Press. Bull, R. (2008). Financial ratios. Oxford: CIMA. High, J. (2001). Competition. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Pub. Müller-Fürstenberger, G. (1997). The payback period rule. Bern: Universität Bern, Abteilung für Angewandte Mikroökonomie.

Frugal E Reverse Innovation

6995 words - 28 pages beneficiare solo nella parte inferiore della “piramide", ma nel mezzo e anche in cima: è quello che Govindarajan ama chiamare reverse innovation. Il vero mercato, spiega il professore, risiede nei paesi sviluppati in cui le imprese, se sono riuscite a seguire i concetti di accessibilità, sostenibilità e collaborazione nella realizzazione delle case da 300$, potranno utilizzare questo progetto come un laboratorio per l'innovazione inversa. In questo

Project Blue-Spider

7184 words - 29 pages uma posição de empresa, não uma posição de escritório do projeto. Nós tinha melhor que eles saibam lá em cima." Gary Anderson : "Não pode fazer isso. Vou levar toda a responsabilidade. Você está nesta?" Paul Evans : "Eu vou. Eu sou certo que eu posso encontrar emprego em outro lugar, quando abrimos a caixa de Pandora. Você tinha melhor dizer os gerentes de departamento para ser tranquilo também." Duas semanas mais tarde, como o programa foi

Mgt216

714 words - 3 pages The first ethical issue presented in the ethics game simulation was whether to warn consumers about the contaminated product and what information to provide consumers about the contaminant. The second ethical issue was whether to sell a product that does not meet U.S. safety requirements in a foreign market that has lower safety restrictions. G-BioSport was not required to meet prior approval from the Federal Drug Administration before they

Economy Effect Of Marijuana

277 words - 2 pages Modern American History by Alan Renga 2nd Mid Term! You will be given 3 Short Essay questions and 20 Multiple Choice questions deriving from this list! 80 points total! The 1920s Warren Harding then Calvin Coolidge Tea Pot Dome 1st Red Scare Immigration Restriction, Sacco and Vanzetti Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey, KKK Prosperity, advertising Prohibition, Al Capone Flappers, Clara Bow, Rudolph Valentino Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey

The Vc Shakeout

2033 words - 9 pages ECONOMY 26 Luring a big firm to town is not the secret to job growth DEFEND YOUR RESEARCH 30 Are morning people wired for success? VISION STATEMENT 32 The social web’s east-west divide COLUMN 38 Warren Bennis looks back on his surprising path to fame New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org New Thinking, Research in Progress hbr.org FIRST The VC Shakeout Venture capital hasn’t worked for a decade and must be radically

Hospitals Paper

6014 words - 25 pages I hope to provide in this paper a comprehensive understanding for what the term “hospital” has become. Hospitals are an extremely complex system that man has created and shaped and reshaped throughout history. My goal in writing and researching this paper will be to provide those who read it a clear understanding on how the hospital system got to where it is today, and to shed some light on the many organizations that affiliate with and

Course Syllabus

2610 words - 11 pages [pic] COURSE SYLLABUS Semester: Fall, Year: 2012  College Mission Statement Richard J. Daley College provides high-quality education which leads to academic success, career development, and personal enrichment that fulfill diverse community needs. Mathematics Department Mission Statement Our mission is to deliver excellent service and to provide learning opportunities by offering a wide range of mathematics courses, which will help our

Management

1477 words - 6 pages Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the

Similar Documents

Company Risk Prevention Plan Essay

261 words - 2 pages to cut down or eliminate such litigation risks. Part of the risk management involves having firm insurance agencies which can readily compensate parties. REFERENCES Spedding, L. S., & Rose, A. (2008). Business risk management handbook: A sustainable approach. Oxford: CIMA. Sadgrove, K. (2005). The complete guide to business risk management. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate Pub.

Student Essay

3934 words - 16 pages Topic Gateway Series Strategic Analysis Tools Strategic Analysis Tools Topic Gateway Series No. 34 Prepared by Jim Downey and Technical Information Service 1 October 2007 Topic Gateway Series Strategic Analysis Tools About Topic Gateways Topic Gateways are intended as a refresher or introduction to topics of interest to CIMA members. They include a basic definition, a brief overview and a fuller explanation of practical

Borneo Post Essay

1388 words - 6 pages The Borneo Post - Saturday, October 20, 2012 Page B10 Business Written by: Emy Lindsay CIMA stresses good ethics are vital for the success of corporation KUCHING: In the wake of the unethical corporate governance that has caused the fall of some big global corporations such as Lehman Brothers, Enron and others, there is a perennial (constant) need to create awareness on ethical business. To complement and support the initiatives of

Boeing 777 Essay

522 words - 3 pages : capacidad de pasajeros y alcance de millas náuticas. - Todos los fabricantes estaban en ambos segmentos. Importante tener todo tipo de avión para todo tipo de necesidades y para crear marca y poder afrontar competencia. - Precios de avión entre 35mm y 145mm el Boeing 747. - Comenzar fabricación de avión podía costas 4.000mm. se recuperaría de 12 a 20 años. - El patrón de ventas durante el ciclo de vida de cada avión era predecible. Llegaban a cima al comienzo y luego empezaba a bajar al salir otro modelo.