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Child And Abuse And Who The Abusers Are

1627 words - 7 pages

Child and abuse and who the abusers are
All children deserve a happy childhood, so why is it that some are brutally abused while others are the apple of their parent’s eye. Why do parents who are supposed to love and protect their children, abuse them emotionally and physically? Many times children are abused because their parents are frustrated an venting their anger on the children. Children can also be abused when their parents are under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Under the influence, parents do not understand that they are doing especially if the child is standing between the parent and the substance they abuse, all they want is to acquire the substance that they are addicted ...view middle of the document...

(Prevent Child Abuse America, 2002) The number of children who are abused and neglected has fluctuated over time in 1999 it was 829,000 in 2000 it dropped to 881,000, then in 2001 it rose to 903,000 then dropped again in 2002 to 896,000 in 2003 the number rose 906,000 again in 2004 the numbers dropped to 872,000 then in 2005 it rose again 899,000. (American Humane Association, 2011)
The political factor influencing child abuse is that currently Pennsylvania has a republican controlled legislator so there is very little support for expanding of a safety net. Economically since the country in currently in a recession and many parents are losing their jobs/income making them frustrated, thus leading them to take it out on their children (Szep, 2009). Also many times the parents are barely scraping by and so the environment the family lives in is unsafe. The social factor influencing child abuse is religion. Most religions believe in disciplining their children and many abusers hide behind religion saying that they are only discipline their child and doing it for their own good.
“The primary mission of the social work profession is to enhance human well­being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty” (NASW Code of Ethics). If the mission of social work is to enhance well-being of people and help meet the basic need of all people then child abuse and who abuse abuses their children is very relevant.

Historical Background
Through the years children were considered the property of the parents and they could do whatever they thought necessary. Until the late 1800s under English common law children were considered the property of their fathers and American colonists in this time period carried this tradition to the early years of the United States. In 1874 Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children was established with child protection as its primary mandate. At this time society promoted the fact that parents did not have complete authority over their children (Finkelhor, 19865). In the 1960s thanks to radiology, physical abuse and child neglect was officially recognized. It took another decade for sexual abuse to be acknowledged and it wasn't until the 1980s and 1990s that emotional child abuse was recognized. Children were considered underserving because they could work and most of them did and also because they were the property of their parents. Most children were served through indoor relief such as work houses, poorhouses and also orphanages like the Children’s Aid Society.
Legislative activity
Currently Senate Bill 449 is before the PA General Assembly. Senate Bill 449 amends the act of March 10, 1949, entitled "An act relating to the public school system, including certain provisions applicable as well to private and parochial schools; amending, revising, consolidating and changing the laws relating...

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