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Charles 1 Essay

1350 words - 6 pages

Financial problems were at the heart of disputes between the Crown and Parliament. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view? (25 marks)

Between 1625-1629, Parliament and Crown had many disagreements over financial issues. However, although these issues were important, other factors such as Religion, Buckingham and Foreign Policy caused further rifts between the Crown and Parliament. These arguments led to Charles dissolving Parliament in 1629 as he claimed ‘No sooner therefore was the Parliament set down but these ill-affected men began to sow and disperse their jealousies, by casting out some glances and doubtful speeches’. Even though finance was a major issue perhaps it was ...view middle of the document...

Despite the loan being very successful, netting around £250,000, Parliament was not happy as it had not given its consent. As well as the forced loan, Charles continued to collect Tonnage and Poundage without permission from Parliament. All these tensions and troubles led to Parliament forcing the Kings assent to the Petition of Right in 1928. As part of this deal, in exchange, Parliament would grant the King extra subsidies. Another issue regarding financial problems was the on-going need for the Crown to raise finance for wars not just against Spain but France as well. Even though Parliament supported England going to war it was not prepared to give Charles any more finance unless they could impeach Buckingham and to air grievances. This led to Charles resorting to extraordinary measures to fight the war without sufficient funds. Overall, financial problems played a very important role in causing disputes between Crown and Parliament. However there were other factors which had equally negative impacts on the relationship between Crown and Parliament…
Another issue which caused frequent disputes was that of Charles ‘right hand man’ Buckingham along with foreign policy. The Parliament of 1625 believed that Buckingham had too much power over Charles. They were also surprised as they had expected a sea war against Spain but nothing had happened. Charles had ended the 1625 Parliament as he believed that there was too much criticism of Buckingham. Not much had changed during the 1626 Parliament, if anything feelings towards Buckingham were more negative. Buckingham was blamed for the failure at Cadiz where the English were easily defeated by the Spanish Army. Sir John Eliot was perhaps the most critical of Buckingham and called for his impeachment. Dr Turner angered Charles when he accused Buckingham of being ‘the source of all problems’. Both men were sent to the tower. Charles closed Parliament yet again due to too much criticism of Buckingham. Although Buckingham was an issue the fact that disputes between Crown and Parliament continued after his assassination showed that he was not at the heart of problems and therefore financial issues did cause more disputes than Buckingham as arguments continued right up until personal rule in 1929. In fact Buckingham's removal did nothing to improve relations with the House of Commons. Charles continued to use the emergency powers complained of in the Petition of Right.
Furthermore, the threat of a new religion supporting the Crown, known as Arminianism, was very unpopular with Parliament. Arminianism was not helped by the fact that a frontrunner of the religion, Buckingham, was not liked by Parliament at all. Arminianism was a group of Church of England ministers that challenged predestination. They clashed with Parliament as many of Parliament were Puritans. One effort had been made in 1626 to reconcile Puritans and Arminians. A conference was held between these two groups to try and heal religious...

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