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Chapter 2 Essay

3462 words - 14 pages

CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
This chapter discusses foreign and local that can be attributed in the success of this undertaking. Difference and similarities with the previous studies are presented in this chapter. The following researches and studies greatly influence on the conduct of this study; the researchers have made consideration in drawing the final conclusion in the study.

Foreign Literature
Facebook is an evolutionary technology of the 21st century that changed social relationships, provides opportunity for individuals to share their ideas and opinions, and establishes and maintains relationships with others. Facebook allows a user to create a profile, ...view middle of the document...

According to Hong, Chiu, Huang and Lin (2014) Facebook can impact the mental health of Facebook users. Various studies indicate that spending a lot of time online can make users potential addict to specific internet activities. In some extreme cases, some researchers conceptualized it as an internet spectrum addiction disorder, listing them along other internet uses such as game addiction and internet sex addiction. Additionally, the symptoms of social network addiction are similar to those experienced by individuals addicted to substances such as drugs. These symptoms include mood-repair experience, concealment addictive behavior, tolerance in the sense of increasing usage of SNSs to an excessive amount, withdrawal in the means of experiencing physical and emotional symptoms when one's usage of SNS is restricted or blocked, interpersonal and psychological problems due to usage of SNSs, and relapse which is quick returning to overuse of SNSs after a period of abstinence. A study in Taiwan University aimed to analyze the correlations between Facebook usage and Facebook addiction. The measured variables of Facebook addiction included withdrawal, tolerance, life problems, and satisfaction. Facebook usage included time span on apps like games, browsing newsfeeds, and chat rooms. The study utilized statistical tools to analyze the self-reported psychological traits of university students. Overall, the results illustrate that having a depressive character and Facebook usage could significantly predict Facebook Addiction. The study proves that Facebook can act like a drug drawing many people across the world into the virtual world of communication.
Likewise, a similar study was conducted in Turkey, where students from a College Institution reported personal info on Facebook usage and completed the Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) and General health questionnaire. The sample consisted of 447 students of whom 78% are male and 22% are females. Ages ranged from 18-30. The FAS comprises eight items related to symptoms of cognitive and behavioral salience, conflict with other activities, euphoria, loss of control, withdrawal, and relapse and reinstatement. The results show that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predict Facebook addiction (FA). However, the prediction does not necessarily imply causation. Before this study was conducted, research reviews on internet addiction suggested that people may develop disturbed patterns of use to specific online activities such as online gaming and social networking. Specific addictive usage may be related to behaviors such as pathological gambling. One case study in the U.S. reported a 24 year old female who used facebook excessively and thus was dismissed from her job and developed anxiety and insomnia. The two studies indicate that Facebook can have a negative impact on heavy users and could lead to deviations from normal healthy behavior...

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