This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Chapter 1 Essay

2886 words - 12 pages

Chapter 03 - Federalism

1. Governmental Structure
1. The single most persistent source of conflict in U.S. politics since the adoption of the Constitution has been the relations between the national and state governments.
2. Today, an effort is underway to reduce national gov’t powers, giving more strength to the states; this effort is known as devolution.
1. Some proposals give states block grants in which states get money that they can spend in any way they want—as long as it is within broad guidelines set by Congress.
3. Federalism is the political system in which local units of government and a national government make final decisions with ...view middle of the document...

1. Federalism allows people to pass laws according to local interest, and even though some may pass bad laws, others may pass laws to counteract the previous “bad” laws.
2. EXAMPLE: In England and France, local groups would have no success in trying to ban the landing of Concorde jets in local airports, but in the U.S., such groups have actually won.
5. According to James Madison, since there are so many diverse interests, only a large government (like the U.S.) can adequately have the maximum number of sides to be heard, as opposed to small nations, where not as many interests could be known and argued.
6. Federalism is more likely to get the average Joe interested in politics because there is a more likely chance that what Joe does will have an effect on politics and on his life.
1. This is due to the numerous elected representatives in all levels of gov’t.
2. The Founding
1. To the founding fathers, federalism seemed the perfect way to protect personal liberty, since concentrating all power into one hand (even one popularly elected hand) might prove to be tyrannical; while working under a confederation, or an alliance of states where the state governments are more powerful than the national governments, could totally prevent progress.
2. The Founders envisioned federalism as a system in which both national and state governments would have certain powers, but neither would have supreme authority over the other.
1. In Federalist No. 46, Madison argued that state and national governments were simply different agents and trustees of the people, who held the ultimate power.
2. In Federalist No. 28, Alexander Hamilton explained that, in federalism, people would shift their support between national and state governments to keep the two in balance.
3. Actually, this was a brand-new plan in which no one really knew how it would work; little discussion of it actually took place, and few people even used the word “federalism” to mean what we mean today.
1. In fact, it wasn’t until the 10th Amendment that states actually received power; in that amendment, all power not given to the national gov’t are given to the states.
2. On the other hand, it seems that the national government has usually retained these “other powers” anyway, despite what is said, due to support from the courts.
3. The language used to describe national/state government relationships was vague, and it was later left up to the courts to interpret it.
4. Knowing that they could not possibly list every single power that Congress could have, the Founding Fathers added the elastic clause: “Congress shall have the power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers.”
1. Coming out of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, different views...

Other assignments on Chapter 1

Powerpoint Chapter 1 Essay

1207 words - 5 pages Chapter
 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2011. The McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved. What
 •  Accoun3ng
 –  Amounts
 –  How
 –  Results
 •  For
 –  Par3es
 –  Profit
 1-2 Categories

Chapter 1 Review Questions

1372 words - 6 pages 1. Which of the following is true about 1 bit? a. Can represent decimal values 0 through 9 b. Can be used to represent one character in the lowercase English alphabet | c. Represents one binary digit d. Represents four binary digits 2. Which of the following terms means approximately 106 bytes? a. Terabyte | b. Megabyte c. Gigabyte d. Kilobyte 3. Which answer lists the correct number of bits associated with each

Hm2 Chapter 1

1243 words - 5 pages 1. How might each HR function be affected by the reduction in force? Remember that all employees at IFP are not members of the union. Some of the functions that are going to be affected by the reduction in force is staffing which includes: job analysis, the planning regarding the downsizing, recruitment, and selection. Human resource development, which includes: training, development, career planning, career development, organization

Chapter 1 Case Project 1-3

439 words - 2 pages Chapter 1 Case Project 1-1 For Thrift Towne I would choose a peer-to-peer network because they only have four computers and it’s the simplest form of a network. This type of network is simple to configure, so that would be an advantage for the volunteers that will be working there with minimum experience. With a peer-to-peer network, the computers can directly communicate with each other, so there is no need to purchase any more equipment. With

Artificial Intelligence Chapter 1 Solutions

863 words - 4 pages Assignment 1 – Chapter 1 1.1 (a) intelligence – means to have the knowledge to learn and understand different situations. (b) artificial intelligence – the ability of a computer or robot to act like a human and make decisions based on pre-defined rules. (c) agent – is the entity that is doing the actions, it can interact with the environment, change it, and learn from it. (d) rationality – is the ability of doing the right

Principles Of Management Chapter 1

1247 words - 5 pages Jesseca Hughes Chapter 1 1. Management is directing other people to work as a team to accomplish one desired goal. It’s hard to grow and maintain a business without management. A manager’s job isn’t to do the work that has to be done, it’s to help their employees stay on task and efficiently accomplish their goal for the company. 2. To be a successful manager, there are five functions you need to perform. Planning is the

Fast Food Nation Chapter 1 Summary

796 words - 4 pages Paxton Tomlin Fast Food Nation Chapter 1 Summary Chapter one presents a historical look back at post-World War II America and how the fast food phenomenon we know today all began. The main theme of this chapter deals with the booming economy of the time and how people made their dreams possible. The dreams in this chapter, of course, deal with people owning their own fast food restaurant, and how their hard work payed off. Schlosser

Devry Keller Acct 504 Chapter 1 Solutions

991 words - 4 pages ------------------------------------------------- Chapter 1 The Financial Statements ------------------------------------------------- Short Exercises (5 min.) S 1-1 Computed amounts in boxes | | | | | | | | Total Assets | = | Total Liabilities | + | Stockholders’ Equity | | | | | | | a. | $300,000 | = | $150,000 | + | $150,000 | | | | | | | b. | 280,000

Database Management Chapter 1

859 words - 4 pages Principles of Database Management Systems Homework 1 Ying Li 4861521 Homework 1 Exercise 1.4 Explain the difference between external, internal, and conceptual schemas. How are these different schema layers related to the concepts of logical and physical data independence? Answer: External schemas, which usually are also in terms of the data model of the DBMS, allow data access to be customized (and authorized) at the

Explore How Fitzgerald Presents The Buchanans And Their World In Chapter 1 Of ‘The Great Gatsby’ Through The Narration Of Nick Caraway. To What Extent Can You Understand His Feelings Of Confusion And...

1375 words - 6 pages The first chapter of The Great Gatsby sees Nick Carraway attend dinner with the Buchanan’s having moved to New York recently from his mid western respectable country home. Fitzgerald constructs his character as a well spoken yet slightly snobbish young man who is “inclined to reserve all judgements”. However Fitzgerald presents Nick as an unreliable narrator, reflecting upon the events in the book remarking and judging all the other characters

Eco 316 Entire Course

335 words - 2 pages ECO 316 Entire Course In this archive file of ECO 316 Entire Course you will find the next documents: ECO-316 Week 1 Chapter 1 Introducing Money and the Financial System.pdf ECO-316 Week 1 Chapter 2 Money and the Payments System.pdf ECO-316 Week 1 Chapter 3 Overview of the Financial System.pdf ECO-316 Week 1 Chapter 4 Interest Rates and Rates of Return.pdf ECO-316 Week 1 Chapter 5 The Theory of Portfolio

Similar Documents

Chapter 1 Essay

3308 words - 14 pages CHAPTER 1 Introduction Practice Questions Problem 1.8. Suppose you own 5,000 shares that are worth $25 each. How can put options be used to provide you with insurance against a decline in the value of your holding over the next four months? You should buy 50 put option contracts (each on 100 shares) with a strike price of $25 and an expiration date in four months. If at the end of four months the stock price proves to be less than

Chapter 1 Essay

2260 words - 10 pages Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Technology plays an important role in society nowadays; technology serves as a communication tool. The alternative way to the society in terms of communicating is the internet. Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite to serve billions of users worldwide. Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and

Chapter 1 Essay

2290 words - 10 pages CHAPTER 1 PROJECT SUMMARY 1) Highlights of the Study 1.1 Capsule View The Filipinos are known for being sentimental and appreciative of the things they liked, especially when things are given to them or personalized items, consequently our group decided to do the project, mug printing. We also chose this business because of its nature, which we can show and express our artistic side. We decided to do this project because it can

Week 1 Chapter 1 Assignment

611 words - 3 pages Name: Kelsey Dionne Chapter 1 Instructions Practice Problem 12, 15, 21, & 22 Due Week 1 Day 6 (Sunday) Follow the instructions below to submit your answers for Chapter 1 Practice Problem 12, 15, 21, & 22. 1. Save Chapter 1 Instructions to your computer. 2. Type your answers into the shaded boxes below. The boxes will expand as you type your answers. 3. Each shaded box is worth 1 point unless otherwise noted; thus