Catal Hüyük was one of the world’s first towns, and it was one of the biggest and oldest civilizations. It was existed in Neolithic Age (New Stone Age) around 6250- 5400 BCE which is about 8000 years ago. At that time, most people lived in other civilizations were gatherers and hunters, but people in Catal Huyuk had proved to grow crops, herding and had craftsmen as well. Catal Huyuk is situated to the east of Carsamba River, near the town of Cumra, which is modern day Konya, Turkey. The word “catalhuyuk” means “forked mound” which refers to the site east and west mounds, because no one knows what townspeople called their home 8000 years ago. I and many other archaeologists believe that the ancient city has the size of 50 soccer fields.
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Coupled with the fact that it dates to at least 7500 BC to 5700 BC, this makes it the biggest and best preserved ancient Neolithic site to date and just one in a growing number of new ancient sites which continue to push back the boundaries of pre-classical civilization even further into prehistory.
What occupations did they have back to those days? In many other civilizations, people were only hunters and gathers, which they depended on the ecosystem so much. However in Catal Huyuk, people were hunting and gathering, but they also grow crops and herding animals, like sheep and cattle; also from the obsidian daggers and arrow heads, the status of the goddess, we knew that they had craftsmen as well.
People ate varies things in Catal Huyuk, and they were quite healthy. They had lentils, wild green, marsh veggies which they picked them sheep legs, herding by themselves, goat grease, they stored the goat grease into a bottle so it can provide them for their needs.
seasoning food such as, mints, nuts, salt, sumac, berries, etc.
When people talk about the houses of catal huyuk, always refers to the tombs, because they walk, talk, eat, and sleep on their dead ancestors.
Skeletons were buried in a fetal position, many under raised platforms, which were covered by the reed mats and used as beds.
Many people were died in young age, some of them were infants, youths, and young mothers. This suggested that the medical condition wasn’t too good. People were probably died from diseases.
People of Catal Huyuk had suffered from the diseases, such as the dental problems, painful illness affected the spine, ribs, shoulders, and hips.