Canada’s Oil Sands Resubmission
Several communities in Canada have grown and become dependent on the oil industry, such as Fort McMurray . Many local economies within Northern Alberta rely on the oil sands . The Shell Albian Sands , consisting of the Athabasca Oil Sands Project, accounts for 17 percent of Canada’s oil production. The project has been extracting and processing heavy Canadian crude  oil for years.
Transportation of the oil is heavily reliant on pipelines, especially since some of the oil extracted in Canada is sent to other countries. The Keystone XL oil pipeline  is a proposed pipeline that will transport natural resources from Alberta to Gulf coast refineries. The pipeline is heavily opposed by the Natural Resources Defense ...view middle of the document...
Another proposed pipeline is the Northern Gateway pipeline , which will stretch from Bruderheim, Alberta to Kitimat, British Columbia. The eastbound pipeline will transport natural gas condesate, while the westbound pipeline will transport diluted bitumen . The pipeline is heavily opposed by the B.C. First Nations communities  located in the potential path of the pipeline. There have been numerous formal declarations against the intrusion of a pipeline into aboriginal land, including the Yinka Dene Alliance, the Heilksuk Nation, and the Coastal First Nations. Many first nations communities in the Canadian oil sand  regions have reported unusually high levels of cancers and social issues, such as substance abuse, gambling, and suicide.
While the oil sands are good for the Canadian economy, there is a strong opposition to the development of the oil sands and the pipelines. While the government and the oil industry have taken measures to reduce the impact on the environment, many contend that it isn’t enough. Greenpeace Canada  has taken a strong stance against the oil sands, calling for oil companies to stop the development of the oil sands in Northern Alberta and British Columbia. Greenpeace is working to pressure governments to stop oil sands production by working with communities that are impacted by the oil sands and educating shareholders about the impacts of the oil sands. The organization is also committed to preventing future oil related incidents, such as the Kalamazoo River  oil spill in 2010. It is often regarded as a major catalyst that sparked the opposition to the development of pipelines. The Enbridge Pipeline 6  burst, spilling oil into the tributaries that feed the Kalamazoo River. It remains the largest inland oil spill, sparking debate about the development of inland pipelines.