Business And Management Kantian Ethics Essay

1704 words - 7 pages

Kantian Ethical Analysis

Kantian ethics are perhaps one of the world most loved branch of ethical philosophy. It is to some extent the Eden lost of moral philosophy, for it argues that moral requirements are based on established standards of rationality, reason and dignity embedded in Categorical Imperative and whereas, immorality is somewhat a violation of moral philosophy and is not embedded in Categorical Imperative, which is self governing reason that each and every individual possess as a guiding factor in practical affairs, business decisions such as the failed merger of AT&T and TMobile merger. Reason, declared Kant, is the source and ultimate basis for morality (Cavico & ...view middle of the document...

The merger of AT&T and T-Mobile is the production of egoism at its fullest. In other words, seeking to control a market via monopoly is pure evidence that ego was a primary motivator. The entrepreneur that is motivated by egoism will not understand reason and human rationality, which is a part of Kant’s Categorical Imperative. Meaning, though research was done, money was invested to study the merger, however such act was purely based on an intellectual use of reason which is unconnected with morality (Cavico & Mujtaba, 2013).
Our personal and business decisions are based on our values and these values are the foundation of the ethical principle of Categorical Imperative (Cavico & Mujtaba, 2013). According to Kant, Categorical Imperative is made up of three different formulations. The first formulation is best described according to the following statement: “act only according to the principle of universality without contradiction. The merger of AT&T and T-Mobile clearly violated the first formulation and as a result, created controversies with the U.S. Department of Justice by violating antitrust laws. The first principle is none other than universal law which is a best tool that helps identify the morality of an action. The merger of AT&T and T-Mobile would have combine the powers of the world second and fourth largest mobile phone carriers, which in turn would have reduce companies like Sprint Nextel and other smaller companies. In other words, the merger alone would have been responsible for more than 43% market share in the United States market alone, which would have made AT&T and TMobile the biggest in the country. The merger would have violated the principle of Categorical Imperative, which is something that one has to do the sake of itself, this view however opposed hypothetical imperative which is something one does because you want to attain some goal. The merger did not have to take place in order for AT&T an TMobile to attain their goals which should be customer satisfaction. Meaning, according to the Categorical Imperative theory, the merger was not absolutely necessary, because Categorical Imperative theory objectively and absolutely dictates the fact that an action is morally right only if it has certain form, which is the first supreme fundamental principle in ethics (Cavico & Mujtaba, 2013).
The second moral principle that is embedded in Categorical Imperative is, Kingdom of Ends Test. According to that moral principle decisions should never be based solely on circumstances, desires, greed and customs but, should rather be based on a priori concepts of reason (Cavico & Mujtaba, 2013). The Kingdom of Ends Test also contends that actions are moral if and only if they are performed without ulterior motives (Cavico & Mujtaba, 2013). Which simply means the second formulation also contradict the merger, because it was well calculated in advance with the motives of controlling the market....

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