Case #1: Energy Cooperative Ethical Problems
The Energy Cooperative is a nonprofit organization that provides education to the public in regards to energy, new technology, startup of new energy companies, and public forums on their website for blogs and complaints. They also provide new energy companies with a central hub to learn about new technologies, standards and regulations which are good for new companies to know. Kant, Mill, Locke, Rawls, and Kohlberg would have many different views and approaches based on their ethical theories.
Energy cooperative’s dilemma is ethical and it has some conflict of interest. All members of the board have signed agreements that while serving on the ...view middle of the document...
The stakeholders in this organization are the ones that are seeking information. Of course there is a major risk with the stakeholders not getting the most accurate information or in some cases when they are personal clients of board member.
The third unethical part of the given case are that there are over 400,000 members worldwide that pay annual dues. They receive a very small fee for being web based providing their votes and input. The ethical problems that need questioned are: how much are they getting paid? What information are they researching to help the organization? Why are they web based? Where does all the money go that is paid by members?
Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative theory would ask this nonprofit organization if their intentions are in the right place. The article states that the organization exists because they want to help energy plants and educate about energy, but again, where are the profits going, and what are their real intentions. (Britannica, 2011)
John Stuart Mill’s theory of Utilitarianism would ask the question of whether or not the good outweighs the bad. All of these efforts of this organization should have good intentions, however, are the ethical issues that arise with this corporation for good intention or not. Mill believed that “we ought to aim at maximizing the welfare of all sentient creatures, and that welfare consists of their happiness”. (BLTC, 2014)
John Locke’s theory of rights would ask the question of whether or not the organization is giving the members their rights. Do the members of this organization know where the money they spend or get is going? Do they know their rights and are their rights being broken? Locke was a firm believer of rights and of keeping the duty to obey our laws. If this company is breaking laws and the employers of the company are breaking laws, they should be aware of this so that they do not get punished. (IEP, 2014)
John Rawls theory of justice would worry about each individual’s rights. Rawls was not a utilitarian; he would believe that one person losing their job just to save a few other jobs would not be ethical for that one person. He believed in treating everyone fair. The first principle of Rawls justice theory is Liberty. He believed that every person should have an equal right with the same liberty for all. The second principle is wealth. In this he believed that social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they benefit and that all offices and positions are open with a fair and equal opportunity. Rawls believed “all social primary goods - liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect - are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any or all of these goods is to the advantage of the least favored.” (Rawls, 1971)
Lawrence Kohlberg developed three levels of moral development. These levels had two different stages in them, consisting of six total states.
The first level...