–One step closer to understanding nature-
1. Biomimetics: The concept
2. A close-up in biomimetics
3. Outlook for the future
1. Biomimetics: the concept
In our continuous effort to gain knowledge we have conquered parts of the Universe, of the Moon and of the Earth and to do so we have used all the tools, means in the book . (SUNA CIUDAT in the book, poate reformulezi) Biomimetics is such a tool, a rapidly growing field both as an academic and as an applied discipline which helps us understand different structures in nature and by shaping them according to our needs we ...view middle of the document...
One of the early examples of biomimetics was the study of birds to enable humans to fly, to reach new horizons. In spite of his failure to create a “flying machine“, Leonardo da Vinci opened a whole new perspective with his notes and sketches from his observations of the anatomy and flight of birds. In 1903 the Wright Brothers succeeded in building and flying the first airplane also born from the observations of birds, pigeons, to be more exact.
Materials scientist Michael Rubner says that “Biomimetics brings in a whole different set of tools and ideas you would not otherwise have, it is now built into our group culture“ . The case of Leonardo da Vinci, Wright Brothers and many other biologists, scientists, engineers, chemists to come is as Rubner suggests: they would not even have dared to think about it if it wasn’t for Mother Nature to inspire them, to light that precious first sparkle of idea, of: “What if we can mimic that and use it there? “
The people who are part of the increasingly vigorous biomimetics movement have many things to be proud of. They have achieved a wide range of designs with utility in our daily lives inspired from nature :
- a self-cleaning, water repellent surface from a lotus leaf;
- better aerodynamics for cars from a boxfish
- the 500-series Shinkansen Japanese bullet train from the beak of a kingfisher bird
- more efficient eolian blades from the flippers of whales
- high quality texture for professional swimsuits from sharkskin
- lower reflection on computer monitors and solar cells from the eyes of a fly
- a resistant structure within aircrafts from honeycombs
- the fishing net from spider webs
- walking robots from crabs
- smart fabric which opens up when it is warm, and shuts tight when cold from pine cones which shed their seeds
- gecko tape from the gecko feet
- human body defense armors from shelled creatures
- the Velcro material from burs
These are barely some of the outputs of biomimetics. Many more can be named and many more are to come. In fact, engineers in England are studying the bumps on the leading edges of...