Biological And Humanistic Approaches To Personality
Personality has long been thought to be existent at birth and can only attempt to grow from the moment of conception. According to Maslow, an American psychologist, human needs are sought to be fulfilled and upon fulfillment, lead to self-actualization. He created a hierachy of needs that dictates what human desires are necessary to be achieved before being able to move toward the next stage in life.
Abraham Maslow is the creator of Maslow’s hierachy of needs, a psycological theory that said all humans have a need to reach their max potential. But to achieve this sense of self-fulfillment one must meet every need starting with the most ...view middle of the document...
This explains why the demand for motivational speakers is so high in America. Many people need someone to tell them what they are capable of achieving and to explain to them their self-worth.
Social needs consist of belongingness and love. These needs are sought after from work, family, and other personal relationships. This can be achieved through affection, closeness, and admiration. Not being exposed to a nurturing, caring relationship during the formative years leads to low self-esteem in adulthood. Some children are subjected to violence, neglected, abandoned, and abused leading to feelings of victimization.
Esteem needs consist of self-esteem, accomplishment, expertism, aptitude, and responsibility. Teaching children about responsbility helps them grow into productive citizens and hard workers. It is important to nurture childrens’ dreams and to positively encourage them to do their best. Meeting the esteem needs helps turn children into adults that are competent and skilled in all that they set out to accomplish. Child abuse is a negative behavorial factor that leads to adults treating others without respect for human life. It is also a cycle that will be repeated with their own children. They can grow to not have any empathy for others and they will perceive themselves as not having any self-worth.
Self-actualization needs consist of self-fulfillment, personal growth, and max potential. This is accomplished when one has done all they are capable of. This person...