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Autism And Mental Retardation Check Point

793 words - 4 pages

Autism and Mental Retardation Check Point
Roberto Castro
PSY-270
07/29/2011
Professor Andrew Graham LPC

Autism and Mental Retardation Check Point
Autism and Mental Retardation

Respond to the following:
1. List the primary features of autism.
The basic features in early childhood autism are social isolation, mental retardation, language problems and stereotyped ritualistic behaviors such as rocking back and forth, lining up toys over and over again.
2. Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks research support?
Causes no longer considered by researchers are socio-cultural causes where claims of family dysfunction and social stress ...view middle of the document...

Code based on degree of severity reflecting level of intellectual impairment;
317 Mild mental retardation: IQ level 50-55 to approximately
318.0 Moderate mental retardation: IQ level 35-40 to 50-55
318.1 Severe mental retardation: IQ level 20-25 to 35-40
318.2 Profound mental retardation: IQ level below 20-25
319 Mental retardation, severity unspecified: when there is a strong presumption of mental retardation but the person’s intelligence is unstable by standard test.
5. Explain one way in which socio-cultural biases in testing might pose problems for assessing mental retardation.
Children nurture in households with higher socio-economic levels tend to have greater opportunity to be exposed to the kind of language and thinking the test measure. The test rarely measure the street sense needed for survival by the people who live in poor, crime-ridden areas. Minorities are often in disadvantage in taking the test and normally are left out of the test performed to those with the ability to pay for. Cultural fairness in intelligence test has resulted in an extensive revision, in order to make the procedure less cultural biased are the used of questions that can be equally understood and applied to people from different cultures and socio-economic background including question that are nor verbal to assess the intelligence of people who do not understand the language of the test.
6. Of the four levels of mental retardation, into which category do most people with mental retardation fall? 85 percent of the people diagnose with mild mental retardation (IQ 50-70) are able to be educate from schooling and can support themselves as...

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