This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Autism Essay

3105 words - 13 pages

What is autism?
Autism is a severely incapacitating developmental disorder of brain function characterized by three major types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests.
The definition of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is provided by the Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Children with autism are less able to interact with the world as other children do.
To provide a comprehensive definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder, there are separate labels given to children with autism for different points on the Autism spectrum. At the ...view middle of the document...

In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects.Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes, such as heavy metals, pesticides or childhood vaccines; the vaccine hypotheses are biologically implausible and lack convincing scientific evidence. The prevalence of autism is about 1–2 per 1,000 people worldwide, and it occurs about four times more often in boys than girls. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report 1.5% of children in the United States (one in 68) are diagnosed with ASD as of 2014, a 30% increase from one in 88 in 2012. The number of people diagnosed with autism has been increasing dramatically since the 1980s, partly due to changes in diagnostic practice and government-subsidized financial incentives for named diagnoses; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.
Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Early behavioral, cognitive, or speech interventions can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and communication skills. Although there is no known cure,there have been reported cases of children who recovered.Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful. An autistic culture has developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder

Autism is a highly variable neurodevelopmental disorder that first appears during infancy or childhood, and generally follows a steady course without remission. Overt symptoms gradually begin after the age of six months, become established by age two or three years, and tend to continue through adulthood, although often in more muted form. It is distinguished not by a single symptom, but by a characteristic triad of symptoms: impairments in social interaction; impairments in communication; and restricted interests and repetitive behavior. Other aspects, such as atypical eating, are also common but are not essential for diagnosis. Autism's individual symptoms occur in the general population and appear not to associate highly, without a sharp line separating pathologically severe from common traits.
Social development
Social deficits distinguish autism and the related autism spectrum disorders (ASD; see Classification) from other developmental disorders. People with autism have social impairments and often lack the intuition about others that many people take for granted. Noted autistic Temple Grandin described her inability to understand the social communication of neurotypicals, or people with normal neural development, as leaving her feeling "like an anthropologist on Mars".
Unusual social development becomes apparent early in childhood. Autistic infants show less attention to social stimuli,...

Other assignments on Autism

Valdez Oil Spill Essay

955 words - 4 pages Class: Developmental Psychology II Prof.: Elisabeth Geiling Subject: Reaction to Human Development Article Session: Fall 2014 Pam Belluck, in her “Study Finds That Brains with Autism Fail to Trim Synapses as They Develop,” reports on a new study that establishes the correlation between autism in children and a surplus of synapses in some parts of the brain. This may explain some symptoms like oversensitivity to noise or social

Science Essay

1274 words - 6 pages 2.1 Definitions and diagnosis There is now 'a high degree of consensus on the diagnostic criteria for autism and consistency in the evidence on the validation of autism as a diagnostic category.' (Rutter, 1996, p. 257). Kanner (1943) first identified a condition in eleven cases that he felt had sufficient in common, and were sufficiently different from other conditions, to merit a separate syndrome. He referred to this disorder as

Developmental Disabilities

1416 words - 6 pages autism and Down syndrome they are just overly sweet. So you can say you care about them and they can actually develop a crush on you. Like Irvine mentioned about the friend situation they can also think you may be talking about a little more than friends but not necessarily mean it in a harmful way. They just understand things differently. Just because these individuals are born with these developmental disabilities it doesn’t mean that they

Perspectives Groups

1811 words - 8 pages groups are students with ADHD, Down Syndrome, and Autism. We will take a look at some of the common characteristics these three groups of students have, some challenges that an educator My have to overcome when it comes to teaching that particular group of students, what special learning opportunities can be offered to the whole class, and some specific strategies to help each group of students to be able to successfully succeed. First, let us

Importance On Early Childhood Education

326 words - 2 pages kids should be spending with their parents. So much of what they are taught can be learned in day-to-day life (letters and early reading, counting and numbers, colors and behavior) from their parents, family, friends, and the world they interact with. Putting most kids in a classroom setting at 2, 3 or 4 years old is not necessary. There are issues (speech or hearing delays, autism, learning disabilities, etc.) that should be handled by

Life Span 1-3

974 words - 4 pages measure this investigation. The hypothesis was that coping humor would relief stress and FACES IV would set balance in both the cohesion and flexibility of the child and the family. Seventy-Two parents of children that had autism and multiple other disorders were used and completed the CHS and the FACES IV scales. Qualitative evidence exists that shows that humor was essential for a families ability to cope with something as severe


657 words - 3 pages extremely rewarding and my enthusiasm provided not only myself with confidence but also provided the children for whom I was caring for with confidence. I worked with children of a variety of ages across a broad range of learning and behavioural needs. A lot of the children I worked with had autism, which I had studied in psychology and found it to be really fascinating. Working with these disadvantaged children was certainly rewarding. The

Vacation Planning With Autisim

637 words - 3 pages Planning a vacation for children with Autism can be confusing, nerve rattling and distressing! So upsetting that numerous families don't take the excursion that they need to take - well, no more. The way to an effective trek, extreme introversion or not, is planning. Arrangement for the extremely introverted family has an alternate importance. Yes, you ought to peruse everything and anything on your destination, yet you additionally need to set

Health Policies And Health Determinants

1446 words - 6 pages self-destructive rage. He would head but anything he could, bruising his forehead so badly his father says the blood would drain until his entire face was black and blue. His parents began to look into the state’s medical marijuana program and a doctor approved politics. While autism is not a qualifying medical condition like cancer or severe pain, and his case, the seizures are. After a few months of treatment his family saw

Vitamin C

934 words - 4 pages , preventing cataracts, preventing gallbladder disease, dental cavities (caries), constipation, Lyme disease, boosting the immune system, heat stroke, hay fever, asthma, bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, infertility, diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), autism, collagen disorders, arthritis and bursitis, back pain and disc swelling, cancer, and osteoporosis. Additional uses include improving physical endurance and slowing aging, as well as

Bacteria In Mcrobiology

3359 words - 14 pages in one newborn monkey’s feces into another’s intestine, so that the recipient would end up with a completely new set of microbes — and, if all went as predicted, change their neurodevelopment. The experiment reflected an intriguing hypothesis. Anxiety, depression and several pediatric disorders, including autism and hyperactivity, have been linked with gastrointestinal abnormalities. Microbial transplants were not invasive brain surgery, and that

Similar Documents

Autism Essay

1562 words - 7 pages Challenges of Autism Tanisha Taylor Com/156 April 28, 2013 Lawrence Daly Challenges of Autism 1 out of 88 children age 8 will have an Autism Spectrum Disorder. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, March 30, 2012) This information is very shocking to some because everybody does not know a lot about autism and its affects unless encountered with a close relative or friend of a person

Autism Essay

736 words - 3 pages Autism The Search Story I am writing my research paper over Autism. Autism is one of many mental disabilities; there are mild and severe forms of autism. People who are diagnosed with autsim are hard to visually point out because other than the far away look in their eyes, they physically look like everyone else. People with a mild form of autism talk slower and keep to themselves and have a very childish personality. Those with severe autism

Autism Essay

2736 words - 11 pages Autism  Autism or PPD (pervasive developmental disorder) is defined by the Columbia encyclopedia as a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the inability to relate to and perceive the environment in a realistic manner. The onset of the disorder is in infancy or early childhood, generally before the age of thirty months, and males are affected four times as often as females. Symptoms include impairment in social interaction

Autism And Mental Retardation Check Point

793 words - 4 pages Autism and Mental Retardation Check Point Roberto Castro PSY-270 07/29/2011 Professor Andrew Graham LPC Autism and Mental Retardation Check Point Autism and Mental Retardation Respond to the following: 1. List the primary features of autism. The basic features in early childhood autism are social isolation, mental retardation, language problems and stereotyped ritualistic behaviors such as rocking back and forth, lining up toys