This index represents the extent to which individuals with less power in a country expect and accept that power is unequally distributed. How power is divided is usually explained by the behavior of powerful individuals, the managers and not of the leaded ones. Inquiries made to observe differences between countries on this index indicate that differences exist both for leaded and leaders, but the results gathered from first type of individuals are more relevant. This
is because we are all better observers of our leader’s behavior than of our own behavior.
In the study that Geert Hofstede developed for IBM in 1984, the power distance index in Romania is 90, of a maximum ...view middle of the document...
In addition, the leaders have advantages, the middle class is small, and the power is based on family, charisma and ability to use the force. Violence is often a result of political conflicts, and the manner to change a political regime is by revolution. (G. Hofstede, 1996, p. 60)
Ioan Mihut, in the book "Cultural Dimensions in Romanian Management" published in 2006 states, like Geert Hofstede, that in Romania there is a huge power distance, corresponding to an effective mechanism for preserving and highlighting the differences in status, mainly characterized by arbitrary driving unconditional obedience to superiors, with a "supplement" of indiscipline (required by the need to display a status as high). Tătăruşanu and Neculăesei also conducted a study on Romania (Romania cultural and regional differences, 2008) that confirms the result of Hofstede, assigning, based on the results obtained by questioning the employees of the accounting department of the State University of Romania, a value of the same indicator of 84.41. (Neculăesei, A., Tătăruşanu, M., 2008, p. 4)
Adina Luca made a study for the Romanian company Interact, based on two surveys, both in 2005, "Learning about Romanian values and behavior from the perspective of cultural dimensions by Geert Hofstede method”, which contradicts, however, Hofstede's results on power distance, obtaining a 29 and 33 points of a maximum of 100 possible. That means, according to the features highlighted by Hofstede, that the use of power must be legitimate and it is subject to good and bad criterion. It is not mandatory that wages, qualifications, powers and status work together, all having equal rights. Power is based on formal position, on the expert ability and on the ability to give rewards. A political regime is change by evolution, meaning the change in laws and the violence is rarely used in intern politics. (Hofstede, G. 1996, p. 54
distance is the extent to which people expect and are willing to accept that power is distributed unequally. Inequality of power is a basic fact of life. It cannot be 100% eliminated. It is...