Homework Assignment 1.1:
1. What did Richard Stallman mean when he stated that GNU was a free operating system?
Richard Stallman meant that his intention was that nobody would have to pay for “permission” to use the GNU system. He learned to distinguish carefully between “free” in the sense of freedom and “free” in the sense of price. Free software is software that users have the freedom to distribute and change.
2. Describe the relationship between Linux and the GNU Project.
Linux is the kernel, the program in the system that allocates the machine's resources to the other programs that you run. The kernel is an essential part of an operating system, but useless by itself; it can only function in the context of a complete operating system. Linux is normally used in combination with the GNU operating system: the whole system is basically GNU with Linux ...view middle of the document...
Performance: Linux provides persistent high performance on workstations and on networks. It can handle unusually large numbers of users simultaneously, and can make old computers sufficiently responsive to be useful again.
Stability: Linux doesn’t need to be rebooted periodically to maintain performance levels. It doesn’t freeze up or slow down over time due to memory leaks and such. Continuous up-times of hundreds of days (up to a year or more) are not uncommon
4. List three examples of different hardware platforms onto which Linux has been ported.
Linux is used in embedded computers such as the ones found in cell phones, PDA’s and cable boxes.
5. What are the minimum system requirements for Fedora 12 with the GUI installed?
Recommended 400 MHz Pentium Pro or better
Minimum RAM for graphical: 192 MiB
Recommended Ram for graphical: 256 MiB
6. What is the primary file system type used by Fedora 12 Linux?
The primary file system type for Fedora 12 Linux is ext4
7. What is LVM? What advantage does LVM have over traditional partitions?
LVM is Logical Volume Manager
The advantage that LVM has over traditional partitions is when you are using LVM to manipulate LVs is more convenient than working with one of the tools that manipulates partitions.
8. What is mount point?
Mount point is the directory that you mount a file system on.
9. How many primary drive partitions are supported on computers that still conform to the standard established by MS-DOS? How many total partitions can a standard computer disk [Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE)/Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA)] support? How many does the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) support?
MS-DOS = 4
IDE/SATAA = Maximum 15
SCSI = has nothing to do with drive partitions, you can have unlimited
10. What directories are often stored on their own partitions?
Root, home, boot and swap. /usr, /home, /var
11. Instead of a page file –such as in Windows—what type of partition does Linux use when it does not have enough memory to hold all the data that it is processing.
Linux uses the swap partition