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Artic National Wildlife Refuge Essay

1048 words - 5 pages

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is a national wildlife refuge located in the northeastern part of Alaska. It consists of over 19 million acres in northeast Alaska. It is run and controlled by the Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the interior. Its 1.5 million acre coastal plain located on Beau Fort Sea is currently viewed as one of the biggest and most likely next US onshore oil and gas prospect. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge was created in 1960 to protect and maintaining its’ naturally maintaining area of arctic and sub-arctic ecosystems. In 1971, congress enacted the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act to resolve all Native aboriginal land claims against the US. ...view middle of the document...

The area that they want to drill and explore is known as the 1002 area. The whole drilling in Alaska has been going on since the mid 70's. The United States economy took turn for the worse as the country fell into a deep recession in 2008. When this happened, the country was set into a panic, a panic for enough oil resources to save money on foreign oil imports. The big oil companies went to remote areas of our country to search for untapped oil resources.

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is one of the largest nature preserves in the world. It is actually one of the last areas for Arctic animals, many of which are almost extinct. It provides important protection for many animals. They also argue that oil exploration would destroy the refuge by introducing noise and other different visual impairments to remote areas that would normally have to boat, fly or walk in.
Wilderness Society President William H. Meadows said: Surveys consistently show that Americans object to the idea of oil drilling in this sanctuary, but a handful of committee chairmen in Congress refuse to give up on development there. This is a perfect example of what the Antiquities Act was designed to deal with. The Antiquities Act was developed in 1906 and states the following. The President of the United States is hereby authorized, in his discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments (“American Antiquities Act of 1906” par.2).

Looking back and learning from the past, we have to realize the pros and cons of drilling in the ANWR. Of course there are many positives that would come out of drilling in the ANWR. The proceeds from drilling could dramatically lower the price of oil which would lead to an economic boom and would lessen our dependence on foreign oil. Oil companies state that drilling could easily be done without disrupting the...

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