AMARO, Beya Marie F. Professor Ronald M. Castillo
THE TUG OF WAR: Armenia vs. Azerbaijan
The Relevance of Institutionalism and Functionalism to the Nogorno – Karabakh Conflict
War is one the many words that is being frequently use nowadays. People hear or see the word “war” anywhere and everywhere. There wouldn’t be a day that there is no news about the different conflict in the Middle East or a news paper headline that doesn’t have any updates about what is going on in the other side of the world. Thus, the impact and intensity of the word has been become lesser and lesser as the time ...view middle of the document...
The Nogorno – Karabakh conflict is a territorial dispute between the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The region is formerly under the rule of Soviet Union, which now an independent state and the cause of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The conflict between the states started in the year 1980s, towards the end of the Soviet Rule and still continues up to the present day (BBC, 2015). Also, it is considered that the root of the clash is the cultural difference between the Christian Armenian and the Muslim Turkic together with the Persians (Cornell, 1999 ). After the World War 1, the Soviet Union through its new leaders, declared the Nogorno – Karabakh as an Autonomous region of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan. In addition, the population in the region was mostly ethnic Armenian within the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan (Relations, 2014).
As years past, the Soviet Union control to other states weakens; therefore affecting its control to the region. Thus, mark the beginning of the clash between the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The intensity of the conflict between the two states further increased due to the union of the region’s parliament to Armenia. Since then, the casualties of the conflict have risen because of the violence that is brought by the two conflicting states (Cornell, 1999 ).
In the year 1991, the dissolution of the Soviet Union happened, which also the announcement of Nogorno – Karabakh’s independence. Thus, the withdrawal of the Soviet Union forces further escalated the situation to a full – scale war (BBC, 2015). Moreover, in the year 1994, the two states: Armenia and Azerbaijan, agreed to sign a ceasefire. The agreement favoured the Armenians which allowed them to gain control in the region. On the other hand, the Azeri’s objected to this decision which resulted to a violent reaction to both partied and turning the misunderstanding in a war. Through time, peaceful agreements are initiated numbers of groups, one of which is the OSCE Minsk. The organization attempted to broker an end to the conflict between the two states but it didn’t succeed in making the peace agreement (Relations, 2014).
At the present time, the Nogorno – Karabakh conflict still continue to happen. The recent months were heavily stained by blood due to the attacks that both parties held. The mediators between the two groups have been asking both parties to settle down without using violence. Instead of settling down and making peace, the violence between the two states continues (BBC, 2015). The tensions between the forces are continuously rising as Armenia will commemorate it 100th year anniversary of the genocide against the Armenians in Turkey (Relations, 2014). Both states have raising their arms and firepower in the recent year (Nigmatulina, 2015). The conflict between the two states will not end until the Armenian’s believed that it is their...