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Architecture Of Olympiapark In Berlin Essay

1030 words - 5 pages

Part 1: Description of This Building
Olympiapark is a Postmodern collection of buildings located in Munich, Germany and was constructed for the 1972 Summer Olympics. Olympiapark consists of 4 main areas: Olympic area, village, media city, and park. The main focus of my paper is on Olympic Stadium which is pictured above. The design for Olympiapark was chosen through a national competition that was won by the German architect Günter Behnisch’s design company Behnisch und Partner. The 1 square mile area where Olympiapark was built at that time was known as Oberwiesenfeld (‘upper meadow-field’). Oberwiesenfeld before that was a dumping area for World War II debris and a landing strip. The ...view middle of the document...

The lines do not follow and exact perfect square or rectangle, instead they include a multitude of shapes and curves to form the structure. Postmodern architecture used shapes that were not originally found in buildings before; most Modern buildings were square or rectangular and followed one specific canon of architecture, meaning they did not borrow from other eras. The way I look at it is Modern buildings were very simple and almost bland; Postmodern buildings on the other hand were the ‘rebellious little sibling’ of the Modern era and had color and shapes never used on buildings before.  
Along with having a ‘more flowing’ structure, Olympiapark also had an imaginative use of materials. The predecessors of Postmodern architects were the Modernists who believed in simplicity in design. Modernist architects used materials in a more basic state, and really didn’t use too many new materials. Postmodernists on the other hand worked to use both new materials and colors when building structures. Olympiapark was a tensile structure made of ‘PVC tents’. One would not admittedly think to use PVC on a building but Günter Behnisch did. He worked to make the building not only functional but revolutionary in both material and design.
Part 3: What the Critics Think
Olympiapark is a popular image in the skyline of Munich. The building not only represented a new era of architecture but also represented taking a step back from post-World War II Germany. As Mark Zeh, a critic from Fabric Architecture Magazine stated, Olympiapark was a step in the right direction in repairing Germany’s image. “Good thing that progressive thinkers, such as German architect Egon Eiermann and politicians, such as Munich’s mayor, Hans-Jochen Vogel, sat on the jury that decided the 1967 competition. Without their motivation to create a strong break from the past, Munich probably would have awarded the competition for the Olympiapark to one of the more conventional types of stadium proposals at the time” (Zeh 2010). Olympiapark was not only a beautiful structure but it was also symbolic as it hoped to present to the world the idea that the...

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