Axia College Material
Summary, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation
Review the four paragraphs below. There is one paragraph matching each of the following types: summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Once you have read each paragraph, complete the following chart to identify the type of paragraph for each.
|Paragraph Number |Type of Paragraph |
|1 |evaluation |
|2 |summary |
|3 |synthesis |
|4 |analysis |
1. Alice Axia’s article discussed overlooked tax deductions. It talked about some of the most commonly missed deductions. Whereas her use of statistics seemed to bolster her arguments, it would have been nice to ...view middle of the document...
Some of the common missed deductions, according to Alice Axia, were the mortgage deduction, the energy efficiency deduction, and the charitable donation deduction.
3. In “Unclaimed Deductions,” Alice Axia wrote about the most commonly overlooked deductions when filing a 1040 tax return. She provided information about the total number of missed deductions. In a separate article, titled “The Challenges of Estimating Tax Revenue,” Phyllis Phoenix talked about a number of reasons why estimated tax revenue may be a challenge. She did not discuss the points made by Ms. Axia. It is possible that much of the difference between tax revenue received and estimated tax revenue may be explained by looking at the additional revenue generated by overlooked deductions.
4. When reading Alice Axia’s article, “Unclaimed Deductions,” there are a few key points made that are worthy of further consideration. The first point is that the rules for deductions change from year to year. This leads to the second point, that those changes are not always as effectively communicated as they could be. These two points lead us to better understand why there are many unclaimed tax deductions each year.
The differences between summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation paragraphs are distinct yet similar. A summary is a synopsis of the original text. It does not give many specifics but does present the reader with a general idea of the full report. A key point in an analysis is that the writer considers all of the points of a topic and relates them to each other in order to explain how they coordinate. Synthesis paragraphs involve the addition of other sources with information on the same topic. The addition provides thought provocation and leads to new conclusions made by the writer. An evaluation involves what has been learned or deduced from all three of the previously mentioned types of paragraphs. The evaluation involves either an opinion or judgment that the author has decided upon after considering the information from all sources. This breakdown of different individual aspects helps to further the understanding of the topic as a whole.