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Anthrax Essay

516 words - 3 pages

Anthrax
Sindy Flores
HCA 415 Community & Public Health
Instructor: Tykeysha Boone
November 9, 2012

Anthrax also known as Bacillus anthraces is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium. Anthrax spores can be produced in a powdery form for biological warfare. When inhaled by humans, these particles cause respiratory failure and death within a week. Because anthrax is considered to be a potential agent for use in biological warfare, the Department of Defense (DOD), in 1998, announced it would begin a systematic vaccination of all U.S. military personnel. (DOD, 1998) Anthrax infection occurs in three forms: cutaneous (skin), inhalation, and gastrointestinal.
What are the basic functions of the federal, state, and local level during this bioterrorism event?
Preparing for and or recovering from a bioterrorism event, it is the ...view middle of the document...

What public health resources are available to address this bioterrorism threat at the federal, state, and/or local level?
Since the 1950s, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) grew substantially due to its Epidemic Intelligence Service and the promotion of epidemiologic 'surveillance.' Critics contend that the CDC's bio preparedness efforts during this period fed the Cold War climate, narrowed the scope of public health activities, and failed to achieve sustained benefits for public health programs across the country (Fee & Brown, 2001).
What role does communication play during an emergency response?
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) play a vital role in coordinating crisis response between pre-hospital services and emergency departments of hospitals. These communications systems include the wire line and wireless telephone networks, broadcast and cable television, radio, Public Safety Land Mobile Radio, satellite systems and increasingly the Internet.
In your opinion, is your city/state prepared to address this bioterrorism threat? Why or why not? Provide a concrete example that supports your opinion.
In my opinion, I do not think the state of Oregon is prepared to address a bioterrorism threat. I do not think any state for a matter of that fact is. If it were to ever happen, all the state of Oregon can do is follow the right steps that the government put out and try to keep it under control.

Reference page
APIC/CDC. Bioterrorism readiness plan: a template for healthcare facilities. Apr 13, 1999
http://www.cdc.gov/hai/

GAO. Bioterrorism: public health and medical preparedness GAO-02-141T. Oct 9, 2001
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02141t.pdf

NACCHO. Elements of effective bioterrorism preparedness: a planning primer for local public health agencies. Jan 2001
http://bioterrorism.slu.edu/bt/key_ref/NACCHO/effective.pdf

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