Frey, M. A., Norris, D. M., & Sieloff, C. L. (2002). King’s conceptual system and theory of goal attainment: past, present, and future. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15(2), pg. 107-112.
This article explains King’s theory of goal attainment from the 1960’s to the 21st century. In 1964, King’s focus was to organize existing knowledge in nursing and to expand the knowledge base for nursing practice. In the 1970’s, King published a conceptual framework for nursing organized around personal, interpersonal, and social systems. In the 1980’s, King published a more formalized framework. This is also when the theory of goal attainment was introduced. In the 1990’s, King’s purpose for the conceptual system was to identify essential concepts for nursing as a discipline and provided the structure. In the 21st century, the King International Nursing Group (KING) was formed and its primary goal is to increase ...view middle of the document...
The components consist of system, health, nursing and assumptions. The application of Kings’ theory uses the nursing process, which consists of five phases: assessment, nursing diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation. The patient Husband uses is named David. David is a 35 year old newly diagnoses insulin-dependent diabetic. During the assessment and nursing diagnosis phase, the nurse needs to ensure that David perceives the same strengths and problems. Then mutual goals can be set. Implementation of the goals completed. David cannot be passive, participation is required. The last part of the nursing process is evaluation. David and the nurse determine whether or not the interventions were effective for the desired goals. This article has demonstrated that King’s theory can be applied using the nursing process. King’s theory requires patient participation with goal planning and implementation. It is especially important for diabetic patients because the patient will have to become his own health manager.
Karnick, P. (2013). Nursing theory: the neglected essential. Nursing Science Quarterly, 26(2), pg. 130-131.
Karnick discusses in this article the low exposure to nursing theory within nursing programs, limiting how nurses gestate and view nursing theory as a vital component of nursing practice. Karnick explains that during a master’s degree education, nurses are required to become familiar with nursing theory. An assignment is completed showing nurses with little theory knowledge were task oriented. Nurses were unable to understand the importance of nurse-patient relationship. Karnick describes the nurse uneducated about nursing theory is more about completing priorities. The real concern is about nursing education and the missing element of nursing theory. Nursing students are not being called to a higher standard and are simply completing nursing classes as minimally required. Karnick feels nursing colleges are in a rush to obtain as many nurses as possible to care for the increase of patients without regard for higher levels of education that is needed to ensure the safety of patients and the quality of care