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An Understanding Of Public Administration Essay

2582 words - 11 pages

An Understanding of Public Administration

Master of Public Administration Program
Modern Public Administration: Managing Public & Nonprofit Organizations PAD 500

Abstract

The purpose of this paper, An Understanding of Public Administration, is to provide the reader with an overview of the field and its application towards public programs, agencies, groups and other associations. It also provides a clear definition, introduces some principles associated with public administration along and how it is used in American society. Public administration allows public policies and actions, decision-making ability and day to day operations of ...view middle of the document...

Public administration centers itself around organizing programs, policies, initiatives and day to day operations of an agency to allow it to run effectively proving its viability in our environment. Public administrators are primarily interested in managing all aspects of an agency therefore maximizing the productivity/outcome of public service. They are concerned with executing public policy effectively allowing the bureaucracy function smoothly without any obstacles. The people in this field are civil servants who work to sustain a high level of service within the framework of a governmental framework of an agency. Overall, the goal of public administration surrounds itself with the implementation of government policy and procedure. Through its work, public administrators promote democratic values and achieve the highest level of effectiveness in public service. Their commitment to the practice helps shape the future of society and contributes to the welfare of the citizens whom they are affecting. An effective service to the public yields a sense of “moral victory” for the people who are employed in this field of work. Thomas Jefferson, one of our Founding Fathers as well as the third President of the United States illustrates this point: “I have the consolation of having added nothing to my private fortune during my public service, and of retiring with hands clean as they are empty”. Even though public administration have been in existence since the beginning of time and civilization, it has been recognized as a legitimate field and brought to the forefront here in the United States as an antidote in managing public policy and interest.

Woodrow Wilson
In the United States, Woodrow Wilson has been considered as the “Father of public administration” based off his reformist attitude towards the way the American government was ran. According to his 1887 essay, he “addressed the inefficiency and open corruption that had become a part of the government during the late 1880’s and to suggest certain remedies within the administration of government (Denhardt page 2). He argued that so much emphasis was being put into the institutions of government such as the executive, legislative and judicial that there no energy or motivation used to address various administrative questions. Because of this activity, Wilson concluded that” it was becoming harder to fun a constitution than to frame one” (Denhardt page 2). He felt that there was a need to change the day to day operation of the US government from a corruptive agency spiraling into a web of bureaucratic mess to a more productive governing system supported by the an administrative base that will be able to enforce public interest and policy. This scholar and later President wrote that “there should be a science of administration which shall seek to straighten the paths of government, to make its business less ‘unbusinesslike’; to strengthen and purify its organization, and to crown...

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