Aligning Industry Needs With Skill Development at Educational Institutions
Deepesh Tiwari, Assistant Professor, Institute Industry Interaction Cell, MNNIT, Allahabad Prerna Kaushik, Guest Faculty, Computer Science and Engineering Dept, MNNIT, Allahabad
ABSTRACT Globalization of economic activities, high rate of technological development and ever evolving demands of society have changed the rules of the game for the industry which in return has created a new challenge for the educational institutions. The challenge is to match the pace of developmental changes by providing human force well equipped with desired skill sets and aptitude. This challenge has strengthened the need for ...view middle of the document...
Though the combination of traditional degree programs and certification programs present ways to acquire the required skills, it is often challenging to ensure the right combination and format of programs to ascertain that skills demands are met. Fresh graduates out of institutes have to go through a rigorous training program before they are absorbed in the industry. Majority of these training programs are designed towards upgrading technical skills and developing soft skills, which are not addressed adequately by our education system. These include language skills like diction and fluency, analytical abilities and basic logic, cross-cultural sensitivity and customer oriented service and behavioral attributes. Most of the companies put a huge question mark on the productivity of the fresh graduates by assuming zero to minimal output from them in the first six to twelve months of job. A typical question arises is that after studying for six years in a quality educational institute why do the graduates still need to acquire certification courses besides being out to training programs before allotment of real work by their employers. This is also validated when the top executives of companies voice their concerns for the mismatch in between their expectations and what these students bring to the table. Key gaps areas, as surveyed by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry, are as follows.
Lack of Industry exposure – Project oriented assessments are none to minimal and the essence of the system still follows examination based evaluation processes. Lack of flexibility in revision of course contents – Since most of the educational institutions are under the ambit of government regulations the process of revision of course content becomes a lengthy and cumbersome process. Lack of industry exposure for the teachers themselves.
This clearly indicates that there is a skill gap between the demand and supply of technical human resource. In the present paper an attempt is made to suggest an alternate educational model which caters to the needs of the employers as well. The exponential growth of Information and Communication Technology has established India amongst the market leaders in the software industry. As per National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM); in a short span of 5 years, the Indian IT industry grew from $28.2 billion industry in 2005 to $70 billion industry by 2009 as shown in fig1 and is projected to grow to US$ 1.2 billion. The IT-BPO revenues itself
The Business Review, Cambridge * Vol. 17 * Num. 2 * Summer * 2011
may touch US$ 225 billion by 2020 compared to US$ 5.7 in 2005 and US$ 12 billion in 2010. According to a report 'Globalization of Engineering Services', published by NASSCOM and Booz Allen Hamilton, India may capture 25 to 30 per cent of the projected US$ 200 billion market for off shored engineering services, i.e. around US$ 50 billion, by 2020.
Fig 1. Growth of Indian...