Leto High School
Period 3 – Chemestry
Chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer; introducing to the man an essential element, Alfred Nobel, contributes the science when he invented the dynamite and after his dead he leaves us the most recognized prizes in the world, Nobel Prizes.
Life and Career
Being the fourth of eight children in the Nobel family, Alfred Nobel and three brothers reached adulthood. Alfred was prone to illness as a child, but he enjoyed a close relationship with his mother (Caroline Nobel) and displayed a lively intellectual curiosity from an early age. He was interested in explosives, and he ...view middle of the document...
The invention of the blasting cap inaugurated the modern use of high explosives.
Nitroglycerin itself, however, remained difficult to transport and extremely dangerous to handle. So dangerous, in fact, that Nobel’s nitroglycerin factory blew up in 1864, killing his younger brother Emil and several other people. In 1866 A violent explosion destroys the Krümmel plant. Experimenting on a raft anchored on the river Elbe, Alfred Nobel tries to make nitroglycerin safer to handle. Undaunted by this tragic accidents, Nobel built several factories to manufacture nitroglycerin for use in concert with his blasting caps.
Nobel invented dynamite in 1867, a substance easier and safer to handle than the more unstable nitroglycerin. Dynamite was patented in the US and the UK and was used extensively in mining and the building of transport networks internationally. In 1875 Nobel invented gelignite, more stable and powerful than dynamite, and in 1887 patented ballistite, a forerunner of cordite.
Nobel's brothers Ludvig and Robert exploited oilfields along the Caspian Sea and became hugely rich in their own right. Nobel invested in these and amassed great wealth through the development of these new oil regions. During his life Nobel issued 350 patents internationally and by his death had established 90 armaments factories, despite his belief in pacifism.
By 1895 Nobel had developed angina pectoris, and he died of a cerebral hemorrhage at his villa in San Remo, Italy, in 1896. At his death his worldwide business empire consisted of more than 90...