HS 150 World Civilization
December 29, 2012
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great was one of the greatest conquers in all of the history of Rome. His genius and ability to think in hard situations helped greatly to the country of Macedonia, which he ruled. Most of his life he lived as a fighter and warrior. Alexander was a smart, brilliant man who used his brains when it came down to fighting.
Alexander was born in an age of violence, conquest, and civil war. Alexander was born in 356 B.C. in Pella. His father was Phillip the second who ruled all of Macedonia. He was a shrewd king and general who ...view middle of the document...
Aristotle encouraged Alexander interest in other countries and people. He noticed Alexander’s curiosity in plants and animals. Later on he followed the Greek principle of “ a sound mind in a sound body.” He studied literature, philosophy, and politics. He also trained in sports, physical fitness, and warfare. School ended abruptly for him when he was sixteen years old because his father called him away for duties in the government.
At sixteen his father left for war. Alexander was to serve as the regent of Macedonia. He led an expedition through modern day Bulgaria and fought barbarians and settled the city of Alexandropolis. After the expedition he became the general of Philip’s army. There was a lot of tense between Alexander and his father. Alexander though, did protect his father in war while he played dead because he was injured. Alexander always had a bad temper. When his father was having the celebration for his final marriage, the bride’s uncle gave a toast. He had said he hoped his niece would give birth to a ligament heir. Alexander had yelled at the uncle, ”What about me? Am I a bastard?” He threw his goblet at the man. Philip was very angry with Alexander for this, which made a huge fight between them. There is no record of what they said but it is known that Philip pulled his sword out to strike Alexander with but he fell drunk to the floor.
Alexander and Olympias moved left Macedonia because of what happened at the celebration. Later they reunited but Alexander had no trust in his father. Philip had arranged to have Arridaeus marry the daughter of Persia’s governor. Alexander thought that this meant Arridaeus would become king. He planned to marry her himself. Philip found out about this plan and placed Alexander under house arrests and banished all his friends, except for Hephaestion, from the kingdom. He divorced Olympias thinking she had encouraged Alexander to do so. While divorcing Olympias he gave their daughter, Cleopatra, hand in marriage to Olympias brother, king of Epirus.
In 336 BC. King Philip was going into the theater where his daughter was having her wedding. He was stabbed in the heart by the captain of his bodyguards, Pausanias. Pausanias ran across the vineyard but got snagged by a vine and was caught by three of the king’s bodyguards. People thought that Olympias and Alexander helped plot the death of King Philip the second.
At twenty-three years old Alexander became King Alexander the third. He did not just get to take the throne though. He had several rivals that thought they should get the throne. One of them was his cousin, Amyntas who Philip also took the throne from.
Alexander was a handsome, clean-shaven, heavy drinking man. He was in good health and was very athletic. He loved reading, music,...