Alex Ferguson’s leadership style Case study
Alexander Chapman Ferguson, known as Alex Ferguson, was born in 1941, in Govan Glasgow Scotland. As a teenager he was working as a tool’s apprentice in his father shipyard then in his 19, he became a labor union activist and an active member of the “Labor Party”. As far as Ferguson’s “the football player” career is concerned, actually, he did not achieve a successful career. In fact, as a player Ferguson started with a small local football team the “Queens Park and St Johnston” club. Afterward, he got the chance to join the “Glasgow Ranger” club, yet this union did not last since he resigned after being responsible for the defeat of ...view middle of the document...
Indeed, Ferguson was so efficacious in what he has been doing that the BBC quoted him as showing no intention of retiring: “... why should I give up? I'm going to continue doing it and I don't know how long I'll go on for, but I'm really enjoying it” (Alex Ferguson).
Barrow (1977) defined leadership as “the behavioral process of influencing individuals and groups towards set goals” (p. 232). This definition evokes many key leadership components such as behavioural change, team relationship, goal and vision. Indeed a successful leader should be a target-oriented person and should have a vision as well. Moreover, he should build a strong relationship with his teammates in order to provoke a behavioural change and reach the set target. In addition, leaders have to make sure that their leadership strategy is a two-way process in the sense that not only the organization’s goals have to be achieved but also the teams’ needs have to be met. In fact, according to Weinberg and Gould (2003), leaders typically have two functions: the first one is to ensure that the demands of the organization are effectively satisfied by the group and this latter is meeting the organization targets and the second one is to ensure that the needs of the group members are satisfied.
Leadership, also, has been defined as “the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward the achievement of group goals” (Weihrich and Koontz, 2005). This latter definition induces the notion of influence that can be achieved through different actions for instance through manipulation, through coercion or through persuasion. In addition, in order for the leadership to be successful it requires the respect of the underlying hierarchy between the influencer and the follower (Lee Crust and Ian Lawrence, 2006).
* I want you to look at the various leadership theories and identify the ones that best describe Ferguson’s style. Why do you think this? What in your reading have you been able to find that supports your view?
Sir Alex Ferguson has been using the charismatic leadership style. In order to understand, Alex Ferguson style we have to start by defining the “charismatic leadership” style as well as the charismatic personality treats. Charismatic leadership is defined as a “social influence process that involves the formulation and articulation of an evocative vision, provides inspiration to motivate collective action ...and displays unconventional and personal risk-taking behavior” (Sosik, Dinger, 2007). As far as the personality treats as concerned, charismatic leaders are most of the time “being dominant, having a strong desire to influence others, being self-confident, and having a strong sense of one’s own moral values” (Northouse, 2004).
Concerning Alex Ferguson style, he has been using encouragement and enthusiasm as motivation methods. In fact, Ferguson has been known as the greatest motivator in the...