Abnormal Psychology Essay

5375 words - 22 pages

GENERAL
PSYCHOLOGY
(SOC SCI 101)

5
JOURNALS
OF
PSYCHOLOGY

PSYCHOLOGY |

> the science seeking to describe, understand, and predict the behavior and mental processes of organisms.
> the goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and control behavior.

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
* Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not be understood as precipitating a mental disorder.

* Although many behaviors could be considered as abnormal, this branch of psychology generally deals with behavior in a clinical context.

* There is a long history of attempts to ...view middle of the document...

* The theoretical field known as 'abnormal psychology' may form a backdrop to such work, but clinical psychologists in the current field are unlikely to use the term 'abnormal' in reference to their practice.

* Psychopathology is a similar term to abnormal psychology but has more of an implication of an underlying pathology (disease process), and as such is a term more commonly used in the medical specialty known as psychiatry.

* People have tried to explain and control abnormal behavior for thousands of years. Historically, there have been three main approaches to abnormal behavior: the supernatural, biological, and psychological traditions.

* In the supernatural tradition, also called the demonological method, abnormal behaviors are attributed to agents outside human bodies. According to this model, abnormal behaviors are caused by demons, spirits, or the influences of moon, planets, and stars.

* Swiss alchemist, astrologer, and physician, Paracelsus (1493–1541), rejected the idea that abnormal behaviors were caused by witches, demons, and spirits and suggested that people's mind and behaviors were influenced by the movements of the moon and stars.

* In the biological tradition, psychological disorders are attributed to biological causes and in the psychological tradition, disorders are attributed to faulty psychological development and to social context. The medical or biological perspective holds the belief that most or all abnormal behavior can be attributed to a medical factor; assuming all psychological disorders are diseases.

* The Greek physician Hippocrates, who is considered to be the father of Western medicine, played a major role in the biological tradition. Hippocrates and his associates wrote the Hippocratic Corpus between 450 and 350 BC, in which they suggested that abnormal behaviors can be treated like any other disease. Hippocrates viewed the brain as the seat of consciousness, emotion, intelligence, and wisdom and believed that disorders involving these functions would logically be located in the brain.

* In Psychological explanations, the behavioral approach to abnormal psychology focuses on observable behaviors. In behavioral therapy, the focus is on reinforcing positive behaviors and not reinforcing maladaptive behaviors. This approach targets only the behavior itself, not the underlying causes.

* Abnormal psychology revolves around two major paradigms for explaining mental disorders, the psychological paradigm and the biological paradigm. The psychological paradigm focuses more on the humanistic, cognitive and behavioral causes and effects of psychopathology. The biological paradigm includes the theories that focus more on physical factors, such as genetics and neurochemistry.

* There are recent concepts of abnormality:
* Statistical abnormality – when a certain behavior/characteristic is relevant to a low percentage of the population. However, this...

Other assignments on Abnormal Psychology

Pys410 Essay

877 words - 4 pages PSY410 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Paper Over the time the definition for abnormality have changed over time. Abnormal behavior can be explained as behavior that significantly differs from some consensually agreed upon norm and is in some way harmful to the person or to others (Meyer, Chapman, & Weaver, 2009). If the stress of your daily active lead you to drink, some may see it as abnormal. When you consider killing

Examination Of Clinical Psychology Essay

1079 words - 5 pages to evolve because with each discovery of the human brain and how it connects to behavior, clinical psychology can evolve to a higher level of understanding by changing its applications to fit with the new findings. “Central to this evolution has been the titanic human struggle to understand abnormal behavior in the context of the mind and the body” (Plante, 2011, pg. 31). The continuous improvement in research and the improvement and development

Foundations Of Psychology

779 words - 4 pages has become as complex as the human mind and its behaviors themselves. Modern psychology can be put to practice in many different branches and sub-branches of psychology. I have heard of abnormal psychology, comparative psychology, industrial psychology, and even biological psychology. Many of these fields I have no knowledge of, not even the most remote idea. I can only assume at this time that some are advanced specialties in the psychology field

Appedix C

295 words - 2 pages Associate Level Material Appendix C Psychotherapy Matrix Directions: Review Module 36 of Psychology and Your Life. Select three approaches to summarize. Include examples of the types of psychological disorders appropriate for each therapy. {Psychodynamic Approaches} {Behavioral Approaches} {Cognitive Approaches} Summary of Approach Psychodynamic approaches involve seeking out unresolved past conflicts and unacceptable impulses from

Psychology

960 words - 4 pages Development psychology can be described as the scientific approach that aims at explaining how both adults and children change over time. Most proportions of theories within the discipline majorly focus on childhood development. This is so because it tends to explain the period at which more changes occurs during an individual’s lifespan. This area of psychology focuses mostly on theoretical subjects such as; cognitive, social, emotion and

Childhood Of Allport

1134 words - 5 pages (Hjelle and Ziegler p.173). During this time he was also the editor of the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. In 1943 he became the president of the Eastern Psychological Association. In the following year he became the President of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. In 1947 he published "The Psychology of Rumor", which was composed with Leo Postman. It was based on his studies of the social problem of spreading

Psychiatric Diagnosis

2004 words - 9 pages psychiatric diagnoses. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 272-276. Double, D. (2002). The limits of psychiatry. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 324(7342), 900-904. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.324.7342.900 Langer, E. J., & Abelson, R. P. (2004). A patient by any other name...: Clinician group differences in labeling bias. The interface of social and clinical psychology: Key readings. (pp. 216-224) Psychology Press, New York

Psychological Disorders

1168 words - 5 pages culture has views normal and abnormal behaviors differently. While one culture might view a certain behavior as normal, another culture might view the behavior as abnormal. Different cultural perspectives of mental illness have a large affect on how mental disorders are diagnosed (Pargament, Pirutinsky, and Rosmarin, 2009). Different societies have different beliefs, explanations, and attitudes about mental illnesses. Every individual who has

An Inside Look At Schizophrenia

732 words - 3 pages Vxxxx Bxxxxxx Dr. Taylor PSY 100 9 March 2010 An Inside Look at Schizophrenia “If depression is the disabling but common cold of psychological disorders, chronic schizophrenia is the cancer” (Myers). Today, there are many abnormal disorders that have become better understood; one of which being schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a severe

Informal Learning

1088 words - 5 pages -control. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 53, 247–262. 2. Domjan, Michael, Ed., The Principles of Learning and Behavior, Fifth Edition, Belmont, CA: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2003 3. Kearney, Christopher A. Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach. n.p., January 1, 2011. Print. pp. 133-136 and p. 336 4. Miltenberger, R. G. “Behavioral Modification: Principles and Procedures”. Thomson/Wadsworth, 2008. p. 9. 5

Psychological Disorder Analysis

2122 words - 9 pages that of her parents. Desensitizing her emotional state of being and reassuring her of all the positive aspects of her life is the treatment plan we decided to follow (Comer, R.J., 2005). Marla agreed to come in every week at the same time for her therapy. References Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth. Faces of Abnormal Psychology Interactive Application at http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/psychology/faces/#

Similar Documents

Abnormal Psychology Essay

340 words - 2 pages What is Psychology? In my research of Psychology and its meaning I have come up with many definitions. To sum all of the definitions into one it's the study ones feelings, thoughts, and their way of thinking and using all of there senses rather its cognitive, physical, or mental. Some other questions that came to mind during my research are what is normal psychology and what is abnormal psychology? What is normal psychology? Most people

Historical Perspectives Of Abnormal Psychology Essay

988 words - 4 pages clinical psychology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems (Cherry, 2011). Social psychology differs from general psychology in that general psychology is simply an overview of the entire field of psychology without regard to the various specializations within the field (Kong, 2011). One may think that social psychology and sociology are terms that are synonymous. Although

Psychology Essay

961 words - 4 pages psychology represents a specific area of study focused on a particular topic. Oftentimes, psychologists specialize in one of these areas as a career. The following are just some of the major fields of psychology. For many of these specialty areas, additional graduate study in that particular field is required. * Abnormal Psychology: Abnormal psychology is a field of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior. The term

Abnormal Behaviour Essay

1916 words - 8 pages Abnormal Behavior Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that studies behaviors, thoughts, and moods that are outside the bounds of what is widely considered as normal in a certain culture. The concept of abnormality is defined differently in different cultures as behaviors of a particular culture may be abnormal to another culture. In order to clearly understand what abnormal psychology is, it is very imperative to first